Polotsk (Republic of Belarus)

My encounter with Belarus started with this wonderful and historic city, which I believe, is not a coincidence.

Polotsk is one of the oldest cities in Belarus. The city is located at the crossroads of European routes at the crossroads of Western and Eastern civilizations, historical and cultural traditions of East and West. It has an advantageous geographical location, numerous rivers and overland trade routes that pass through the Polotsk, which contribute to its economic and cultural development. The city continued to flourished during the X – XII centuries when it became the capital of one of the largest states in Eastern Europe, the principality of Polotsk. In the XIV century, Polotsk became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. At that time, the city had trade connections with Riga, the Livonian Order, Novgorod, Moscow, Pskov and many other cities in the East and West. In the XIV to XV century, Polotsk was one of the largest cities in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In the “Chronicle of Poland” of 1382 it was named as the castle (fortress) of White Russia (Belarus in Russian). After the reunification of Poland and Lithuania in the XVI century, Polotsk province became the center of Polotsk office of voevode in Rec Paspalitaja (Polish spelling Rzecz Pospolita). At the end of the XVIII century, the city became part of Russia. Nearly thirty times Polotsk changed its status, it is now a city of regional subordination in the Vitebsk region.

Among the must-see places there, I would definitely recommend a visit to St. Sophia Cathedral and the The Savior and St Euphrosyne Monastery in Polotsk.

St. Sophia Cathedral is a monument of history and architecture from the XI-XVIII centuries. This Cathedral was also inspired by St. Sophia in Constantinople like other 2 cathedrals dedicated to St. Sophia on former Kievan Rus territory (in Kiev (Ukraine) and Veliky Novgorod (Russia). It was originally built during the reign of Prince Vseslav Magician as a symbol of power and independence of Polotsk. Performed in high-power designs (wall thickness 1.45m) the cathedral was also a fortress and citadel, which defended the prince and the people in times of danger. Polotsk Sofia is being constantly decorated and rebuilt. In 1607, the Cathedral burned and was eventually rebuilt, then during the Northern War in 1710, it was almost entirely destroyed by the explosion of gunpowder stored in it. In the 18th century, St. Sophia’s Cathedral was rebuilt completely by Uniates in the style of the late Belarus Baroque and it in this form that we will get to see it today. The building of the cathedral now houses a concert hall with an organ and the Museum of History and Architecture of St. Sophia Cathedral.

The Savior and St. Euphrosyne monastery founded in the 1120-ies to become a monk shelter for Euphrosyne (she was a princess of Polotsk at that times), who was an abbess there for 45 years. The transfiguration of Lord Church is located in the heart of the monastery complex and is an architectural monument of the Polotsk School of Architecture in the XII century. Its particular importance is its historical significance of fresco painting of the XII century as a unique creation of ancient monumental art. The Cathedral of Exaltation of the Cross is to the left side from the monastery entrance. It was built in 1893-97 as a monument of Russian-Byzantine style in retrospect. In 1997, the monastery was returned to the look of the Belarusian Orthodox shrines with a cross of St. Euphrosyne of Polotsk. The relics of St. Euphrosyne of Polotsk are also there.

written by plyshbel on 2011-08-29 #places #art-and-culture #polotsk-belarus-republicofbelarus-cathedral-monastery #location

More Interesting Articles

  • A Salute to the Masters: The Enchanted Forest (A Tribute to Ugo Mulas)

    written by sirio174 on 2016-01-16
    A Salute to the Masters: The Enchanted Forest (A Tribute to Ugo Mulas)

    This article is dedicated to the Italian street photographer and portraitist Ugo Mulas who masterfully documented the miniature circus of the great sculptor Alexander Calder. To write this tribute I documented a recent Christmas event in my city Como, a wonderful exhibition of vintage toys in a forest of snow-covered pines. Take a look!

    1
  • Photographic Pairs

    written by lomographymagazine on 2016-01-27
    Photographic Pairs

    When a photographer encounters a pair, an instinct rushes in, "Is this a special, intimate moment I just stumbled on?" Or else, those accidents of two objects, two birds, two swaying plants camping together especially for your photo. This might not be the case, but it's still a pleasant thing for patterns and quirks to find their way into an everyday shot.

  • The World According to Herr Willie: Pura Besakih, The Mothertemple of Bali

    written by wil6ka on 2016-05-20 #places
    The World According to Herr Willie: Pura Besakih, The Mothertemple of Bali

    On my birthday, I climbed the holiest mountain of Bali on a genuine pilgrimage. Walking towards Pura Besakih is also a tale about Balinese Hinduism, which is a singularity in Indonesia. So tighten your sarong around your hips and stick with me on this spiritual passage through the gates of heaven.

    5
  • Shop News

    Up to 50% off on Lomography Bags!

    Up to 50% off on Lomography Bags!

    Need something to keep your gear safe in and share your pride with the world? An amazing selection of Lomography bags are currently on sale! Don't lose the moment and get your favorite one!

  • Gongtairoop Tests the Versatility of the Daguerreotype Achromat Art Lens

    written by Lomography on 2016-05-05 #news #gear #people
    Gongtairoop Tests the Versatility of the Daguerreotype Achromat Art Lens

    His name is Thai for camera. Call it fate or coincidence—this young talent has stayed true to his name, and with enthusiasm for various genres. Only right to pair a versatile lens with an all-around photographer!

  • My New York City Bike Ride Through Turquoise Eyes

    written by cecilialeitinger on 2015-08-15 #people

    Want to be one with New York City? Ride a bike around this city that never sleeps. Bring a camera and capture unforgettable scenes. I did this with my LC-A 120 and LomoChrome Turquoise film.

  • How to Develop Photos on Stone in a Darkroom

    written by tomas_bates on 2016-02-17 #gear #tutorials
    How to Develop Photos on Stone in a Darkroom

    I have always loved the idea of seeing my photos on stone and other natural materials. So, a few months ago, I began googling how it could be done. This is how I discovered (and fell in love with) liquid emulsion. Liquid emulsion is photographic emulsion which you can melt down and paint on any surface. You can then expose an image and develop it using traditional darkroom chemicals. In this article, I would like to explain the process a little, so that if you are also interested in giving this fun process a go, you can!

    12
  • Shop News

    The Lomography Bazaar

    The Lomography Bazaar

    We constantly search far and wide, meticulously seek out, hunt down, and hand-pick some of the most experimental and alternative gear out there - and we've now gathered them all in one easy to browse shop category, ready for the picking! In the Lomo-Bazaar, you canalso be part of our process of collecting fresh new products, rare treasures, and crowd-funded creations to sell on the shop - after all, they’re all for you! Get in touch with us to share your suggestions for amazing gear - go on, we’re all ears!

  • LomoLocations: Siem Reap, Cambodia

    written by lomographymagazine on 2015-12-10 #places
    LomoLocations: Siem Reap, Cambodia

    Steeped in history and culture with just the right amount of all things hip and chic—it's no wonder this Cambodian city is on the bucket lists of many travelers.

  • Newcomer of the Week: petrischev

    written by Eunice Abique on 2015-08-16 #videos
    Newcomer of the Week: petrischev

    Belarus-based lomographer Pavel Petrischev has been taking photographs for almost 30 years. He currently works as a photography professor. In this interview, he shares his unique view on shooting with film and the strange ways of fate that brought him to the community.

    5
  • The World According to Herr Willie: The Spirit of Jogja

    written by wil6ka on 2015-11-03 #places
    The World According to Herr Willie: The Spirit of Jogja

    It is the marvel of Java, the cultural center of Indonesia: Yogyakarta, or, as we assimilated locals call it, Jogja! Jogja is full of historic sites and exudes a very adventurous yet welcoming spirit. It is a true multireligious melting pot that has seen kings and sultans come and go, and religions introduced and either went or stayed. Time has been gentle on Jogja. It's one of my most favorite cities in Asia.

    4
  • Shop News

    Save 15% on Lomography Film when bought with the Lubitel!

    Save 15% on Lomography Film when bought with the Lubitel!

    This beautiful camera features such ability to let users choose and switch between 35mm or 120 formats! Shoot more, save more! Get this Lubitel camera and get 15% discounts with Lomography Films!

  • LomoLocations: The Duality of Osaka in Agfa Precisa CT

    written by lomographymagazine on 2016-02-23 #places
    LomoLocations: The Duality of Osaka in Agfa Precisa CT

    The touristic appeal of Japan lies not only in its castles and flower storms, but also in the mix of unique practices and Occidental influences. The duality is evident in Tokyo and even in Osaka, which has gained more visitors over the years. A port city, Osaka has retained its 'merchant' status with a battery of retail shops amid an area of cultural interest.

  • Lomography Day Trips: Hangzhou, Zheijang, China

    written by Alexandra Pillet on 2015-08-10 #places
    Lomography Day Trips: Hangzhou, Zheijang, China

    Located in the Zhejiang province, Hangzhou is known as one of the most beautiful cities in China. I went there following my aunt’s advice. She studied calligraphy in Hangzhou Arts University (杭州美术大学) and told me, "When I sat by the lake, I just understood Chinese painters. They painted what they see, not less."

  • My New York City Bike Ride Through Purple Eyes

    written by cecilialeitinger on 2015-08-14 #news
    My New York City Bike Ride Through Purple Eyes

    What do you do when you don't have much time in a city like New York but you want to see everything, feel the vibe and be part of the community, even for a short time? Jump on a bike and enjoy what trains, buses and cabs can never give you: be part of the city. Take a camera with you to capture the moments and sights you don't want to forget. I did this with my LC-A 120 and LomoChrome Purple film.