# Easy Peasy Zone Focusing

2011-05-30 5

Want to shoot from the hip and get most of you photos in focus without making it obvious you are shooting? Want to learn what the marking on the lens mean? I’ll tell you.

David tried to teach me this technique in January. It’s taken me this long for the concept to click into my brain. Ok can’t help being a little slow.
Zone focusing is a phrase that is tossed around quite often but how do you do it?? Here I have tried to make it simple using my old Smena 2 Camera. It works on all cameras with the Distance and aperture markings on the lens or body.

There are a few methods of Zone Focusing, one being mathematics… Hmmm I can’t do the double wavy symbol but it looks sorta like this
H~ f2/Nc
where N is the lens f stop,
f is the focal length and c is the circle of confusion.

Ok too hard already at we can use a search engine to look up the circle of confusion for each camera… But who wants to? This is lomography don’t think just shoot.

Next method is to use the numbers on your lens.
I have a Cmena 2 and so will use this old lady to try to show you. ( I was going to use a zorki-C but the numbers are so very tiny that you would never see them)

1.Look at your lens and set it to infinity focus. I had the Cmena set to f/11 so let’s use that. At infinity focus, f/11 has a close to depth of field ( or near to) of 4.5m ( on this camera, your may be different. A 50mm may be closer to 6m)
This is handy, but my husband and child are sitting closer than 4.5m away .. What to do?

2. We must increase our close to DOF to do that, we move the infinity to the f/11 mark on the focus ring. So now the camera shows me that the focus is set to 4.8m this is the hyperfocal distance of this lens. Now, looking at the f/11 marking on either side of the lens, you see 2.2m and infinity.
This means that everything within 2.2m to infinity will be in acceptable focus.

Of course something close to the boundary, at the 2.2m mark, will probably be out of focus to try to not have your focal point close to the end of the limits of the zone. Also with very old cameras the distances may not be accurate but this system works for all cameras with a scale.

Let’s try f4.5 on this lens

1. Set to infinity and see that f/4.5 reads just over 10.2m
So is we left it here, everything over 10.2m will be in focus huh that’s far away…

2.now move the infinity to f/4.5 and read the hyperfocal distance which is almost exactly 10m wow! That’s still far but the other end of the scale reads 5m that’s better

So for the Cmena 2 at f/4.5 the zone of in focus is 5m to infinity with the sharpest focus being 10m

So once you set your aperture, and set your zone, don’t touch it and shoot from the hip. You can now raise your camera and shoot without worrying about setting it up. Good for street photography.
If you wish to adjust your exposure just use your shutter speed. :-) This of course will give you acceptable focus only and this peters out as you approach the boundaries of the zone.

To get pinsharp.. we move into digital.. and we don’t wanna do that do we???

any questions leave me a message :-)

written by woosang on 2011-05-30 #gear #tutorials #camera #street-photography #tipster #ho-to #tutorialfocusing-old-cameras-lens-marking-hyperfocal #zone-focusing

1. wuxiong ·

To make things simple: the farther the distance you set, or the smaller the aperture you set, then it means the more DOF you achieve, The more likely you shoot your subject in focus when you act fast like hip shooting. Very practical article...<:)

2. simon-hedge ·

Good article. And I like that Smena 2 as well!

3. woosang ·

@wuxioug Yes :-)
@simon-hedge thanks

4. ahleng90 ·

cool :) thanks for sharing this

Very useful !
I have a Smena 1 and the only thing i didnt knew how to use was the focus.
Actually most of my photos are out of focus.

Thanks !

## More Interesting Articles

• ### The Petzval Art Lens Through The Eyes of Mark Havriliak

written by katphip on 2016-11-30

Mark Havriliak's portraits achieved a level of intimacy that make it seem effortless. With him using the Petzval Art Lens, we get an inside look of what its like to create a photograph unique to an individual. Learn more about his special technique that enables him to make one of a kind photographs.

1
• ### Get Creative with the Lomo'Instant Automat: Hello My Name Is...

written by Lomography on 2016-09-11 #gear #tutorials

Can’t wait to get your hands on your very own Lomo’Instant Automat camera? Follow our quick tricks so you can master and get the most out of your instant camera once it comes knocking at your door! This time we want you to explore the meaning of your name.

• ### Get Creative with the Lomo'Instant Automat: Don’t Think, Just Shoot!

written by Lomography on 2016-09-03 #gear #tutorials

Can’t wait to get your hands on your very own Lomo’Instant Automat camera? Follow our quick tricks so you can master and get the most out of your instant camera once it comes knocking at your door! This time we want you to "Don't Think, Just Shoot".

2016-09-03 1

### Save 15% on Lomography Film when bought with the Lubitel!

This beautiful camera features such ability to let users choose and switch between 35mm or 120 formats! Shoot more, save more! Get 15% discount on Lomography Films when you purchase film with the Lubitel camera!

• ### Get Creative with the Lomo'Instant Automat: Be Kind

written by Lomography on 2016-09-18 #gear #tutorials

Can’t wait to get your hands on your very own Lomo’Instant Automat camera? Follow our quick tricks so you can master and get the most out of your instant camera once it comes knocking at your door! This time we want you to make somebody happy.

• ### Rumor Has It A Storm is Cooking: Clue Number Two

written by Lomography on 2017-08-24 #news

A few days ago, we sent a shiver of excitement through our communities worldwide when we began the official countdown for our new outrageous Lomographic project. Here's our second clue!

2017-08-24 2
• ### Lomographers Throughout the Years: Andrejrusskovskij

written by cielsan on 2017-08-23 #people

For Lomography's 25th anniversary, we take a quick trip down memory lane with 25 of the community's most iconic members. Next up: Andrea Russo, known to the community as Andrejrusskovskij.

2017-08-23 9

### Capture the signature Ultra-Wide-Angle Lomo LC-Wide look Instantly

Capture more and save more when you buy the LC-Wide Instant Bundle. Get 50% off the original price of the LC-A Instant back, and get the LC-Wide Instant Kit for FREE!

• ### SIBYLLE: Photographs from East Germany's Top Fashion Magazine

written by lomographymagazine on 2017-08-24 #news

At a time, fashion magazine Sibylle was the most read print for art, culture, and fashion in East Germany. Published six times a year, it was often referred as the "Eastern Vogue" due to its inventiveness in fashion, styling, photography, and editing.

2017-08-24
• ### Pictures That Shaped Lomography 2002

written by lomographymagazine on 2017-08-24 #culture

2002 marked Lomography's 10th year of celebrating the joys of film photography. To mark this milestone, Vienna played host to the Lomography World Congress, a grand party that showcased beautiful Lomographic shots from across the globe.

• ### Capturing the Vanishing Culture of Vermont's Hill Farms by Richard W. Brown

written by lomographymagazine on 2017-08-23 #culture

American photographer Richard W. Bown is a known fine art photographer focusing on landscape imagery. In his 45-year career, he's ready to unveil a 40-year old black and white collection of images documenting the last family farms at the countryside.

2017-08-23 1

### Drape the world in Glorious Silky focus with the Daguerreotype Achromat 2.9/64 Art Lens Black!

Create rich textured backgrounds and wrap your world in luminous soft focus with the Daguerreotype Achromat 2.9/64 Art Lens! The Black version is now available for purchase in the shop!

• ### Urban Chaos: Multiple Exposure Photographs by Jonathan Castellino

written by Eunice Abique on 2017-08-23

In his series en.formation, photographer Jonathan Castellino challenges the viewers to go beyond looking at the urban jungle and examine how it feels living inside its chaotic, ever-changing confines.

2017-08-23
• ### Lost and Found: LomoAmigo Andrew Rhodes

written by katphip on 2017-08-23 #people #places

A heartache inspired teacher, travel writer, and photographer Andrew Rhodes to drop everything and wander around Europe, taking with him only a backpack -- there wasn't room for much else besides film! Learn how that journey lead Rhodes to create this body of work that's bursting with life.

2017-08-23 1
• ### David Bailey: The Photographer from the "Black Trinity"of London

written by lomographymagazine on 2017-08-23 #people #videos

The Swinging Sixties was a cultural revolution in London, and it was the birth of a stereotype among photographers; the amateur yet confident shooter. And it all started with renowned and unconventional fashion photographer David Bailey.

2017-08-23