Grinding Your Own Focus Screen by Ian Grant


Some of us own and still use cameras that use a glass focus screen, or perhaps need a screen to check the focus on a roll film camera, others even build complete cameras from scratch. More often than not we need new screens

Why make your own screen.
1. Availability, two of the three independent screen manufacturers have ceased trading in the past three years. Screens have to be ordered from the US.
2. Practicality, a new screen can be made in under 15 minutes and the materials are readily available.
3. Economics, making your own screen is extremely inexpensive compared to commercial screens.
4. Customisation, you control the type of screen you require and the degree of fineness.
5. Speed, you can have a new screen in a few minutes.

What you need to get started.
Grinding your own screen is a relatively simple task and the requirements are minimal:

1. The new glass pre-cut to size (2mm thick is ideal)
2. A sheet of Wet & Dry 200 to 400 grit
3. The grinding grit (one or two grades) #400 & #600 Silicon Carbide
4. A piece of glass as the grinding tool (blank) approx 2″×2″ to 3″×3″ (5×5cm to 7.5×7.5 cm)
(Ian uses 1/4" – 6mm thick glass as the grinding blank as it’s easy to handle. See photos.)

Sourcing materials.
Most towns have glass suppliers who will stock 2mm picture glass, this is typically used for framing.
Alternately a picture framers will have the glass and can cut to size.
If you require clipped corners don’t forget to ask.

The Silicon Carbide grits are available from Lapidary suppliers, they are used for stone polishing.
There may be a local stone polishing club, someone there may be able to help with a small amount of Grit.

The Glass for 15 screens cut to various sizes from 9×12cm to 10”x8” plus 3 grinding blanks cost $16 (£10) and the Grits another $16 (£10)
Prices for Glass & Grits will vary but the two 150-200 gm packs of grit will grind well over 50 screens.

So typically a screen of about 10”x8” works out at roughly $3 (£1.90), a huge saving compared to a commercial screen at .

The first task is to remove all sharp edges from the glass which will be used as the grinding blank.
Place a few drops of water on the wet and dry and smooth off all edges & corners taking care not to cut yourself in the process.

The same may be required with the new blank screen, it’s simple & quick.

Place the blank screen on some newspaper, or similar, on a flat surface, wet the back first -it stops the glass sliding.

Put a little #400 grit on the blank screen and add a few drops of water. Now place the grinding blank on top and begin randomly grinding the screen.

After a while (2-3 minutes) add some fresh grit, a few drops more water, and start again.
Make sure that all parts of the screen are being ground and after the second grinding wash the screen well, dry and inspect.

Modern glass is very flat and not prone to hot-spots, but if you used an old lass plate to start with then you have to keep grinding until it’s flat.

Now you have to decide on the final required fineness, for larger screens a final grind with #400 grit is probably all you require.

However for smaller screens a couple of further grinds with #600 grit gives a much smoother finish.

It’s possible to grind a screen with just #600 grit or finer but the process is very much slower.
It’s faster to grind with a coarser grit first then finely grind after.

Finally wash carefully to remove all traces of grinding paste etc and dry, then inspect.
Re-grind if necessary until you are finally satisfied with the screen.

If even finer screens are require then additional grinding with Aluminium Oxide 5 micron or even 3 micron grade can be carried out. However a good screens is a balance of fineness & brightness and #600 grit (approx 12 microns) Silicon Carbide gives a screen that is much finer and brighter than most OEM screens.

The final screen can be as good as any commercially available glass screen, and particularly older screens (pre WWII) which can be improved easily by re-grinding them.

It is also possible to make screens from high grade acrylic and similar materials, however you need to refine the techniques to suit the materials.

If you need a new screen give it a try, it really is remarkably easy.

Ian is a Large Format landscape photographer mainly working with 5”X4” & 10”X8” cameras and sheet film, as well as some 120 roll film in various cameras & formats from 6×4.5 to 6×17. He is also a qualified Industrial Archaeologist and shoots Industrial Landscapes in the UK and more classical Archaeological landscapes around the Aegean & Mediterranean coastlines. He exhibits widely and has an MA (Masters Degree) in Photography

*special thanks to our lovely folks at APUG forum

written by fookshit on 2010-12-15 #gear #tutorials #tutorial #tipster #contributor


  1. coldkennels
    coldkennels ·

    This is really interesting - one of the best tipsters I've seen in a long time. Does this mean, then, that the irritatingly bad original Lubitel focusing screen (with just the spot of ground glass) could be converted to a "proper" TLR focusing screen? Hmm....

  2. falsedigital
    falsedigital ·

    I was just ranting about crappy tipsters today and this comes along as a pleasant surprise. So useful and great instructions! If I could like it twice, I would.

  3. falsedigital
    falsedigital ·

    I was just ranting about crappy tipsters today and this comes along as a pleasant surprise. So useful and great instructions! If I could like it twice, I would.

  4. copefan
    copefan ·

    fantastic an yes you can make a new screen for the lubitel, i did one a while back and its fantastc! I broke my screen on my Graflex and i've been using it as is.... after reading this I shall make a new one rather than get one from eBay it will be a project for over christmas..... right pack and off to Düsseldorf!

  5. copefan
    copefan ·

    I shall alto work on my tipster for making a pinhole camera out of an old 120 film back as i've just got some more imags back!

  6. kylewis
    kylewis ·

    I agree, a valued tipster, useful articulate and you made an effort!!

  7. ahleng90
    ahleng90 ·

    wow..this is brilliant!million thanks :)

  8. cinzinc
    cinzinc ·

    cool!! wish i can do this

  9. fed
    fed ·

    This is great! I always thought of creating a ground glass by just using really thin sandpaper. This probably the proper approach. I´m have to try this someday to replace the awful plastic ground glass in the Gakkenflex!

  10. hutschi
    hutschi ·

    Hi, I like this.
    I used a similar method to "repair" a focus screen in a Pearl Twin Lens camera, this is a DIY kit.
    The screen was left blank. At first I replaced it by transparent paper, but later I used sandpaper to fix it. It worked well and much better than transparent paper.

    The Pearl Twin lens seems to be a Gakken/Recesky clone.

    I just wanted to mention it here - maybe it helps.

  11. mercedesderouck
    mercedesderouck ·

    if you regrind one what kind of grain/grit do you need my pentaxk100 focus screen was damaged by decayed mouse(and me trying to clean it of probably)?

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