Presenting Dora Maar: A Generational Icon

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Although a well-known figure in photography, Dora Maar's one of the few legends that are yet given the proper veneration. Starting 5 June, the Centre Pompidou writes art history as it will hold the largest retrospective to Maar in Paris in the showcase, Dora Maar.

Rogi André Dora Maar, vers 1937 Épreuve gélatino-argentique 29,9 x 39,4 cm Achat en 1983 Collection Centre Pompidou, Paris Musée national d’art moderne Centre de création industrielle Copyright de l’œuvre © droits réservés Crédit photo / Photo credit © Centre Pompidou, MNAM-CCI / Georges Meguerditchian / Dist. RMN-GP; Dora Maar Sans titre, 1933 Épreuve gélatino-argentique 26,9 x 26,6 cm 39,4 x 30 cm Achat en 1987 Collection Centre Pompidou, Paris Musée national d’art moderne Centre de création industrielle Copyright de l’œuvre © Adagp, Paris; Dora Maar Le simulateur, 1936 Epreuve gélatino-argentique collée sur carton 48,7 x 35,1 cm 27 x 22,2 cm (hors marge) Don de Marguerite Arp-Hagenbach en 1973 Collection Centre Pompidou, Paris Musée national d’art moderne Centre de création industrielle Copyright de l’œuvre © Adagp, Paris Crédit photo / Photo credit © Centre Pompidou, MNAM-CCI / Philippe Migeat / Dist. RMN-GP

Henriette Théodora Markovitch, now known as Dora Maar came from a bourgeois family and spent her childhood years in Argentina where her father worked as an architect. Maar's artistic beginnings started when she enrolled in an applied arts school for women, known as the Comité des Dames. She studied painting and took courses at the Julian Academy, although uncertain in pursuing a career in painting. Shen moved to study at the City of Paris School of Photography in the late 1920s. From here on, Maar became affiliated with empowered and ambitious women artists who aimed for higher statuses in the arts.

Dora Maar Sans titre, 1935 Épreuve gélatino-argentique 23,2 x 15 cm Achat grâce au mécénat d’Yves Rocher, 2011. Ancienne collection Christian Bouqueret Collection Centre Pompidou, Paris Musée national d’art moderne Centre de création industrielle; Dora Maar Portrait d’Ubu, 1936 Epreuve gélatino-argentique 24 x 18 cm Achat en vente publique en 1998 Collection Centre Pompidou, Paris Musée national d’art moderne Centre de création industrielle; Dora Maar Sans titre [Main-coquillage], 1934 Epreuve gélatino-argentique 40,1 x 28,9 cm 37,5 x 27 cm (hors marge) Achat en 1991 Collection Centre Pompidou, Paris Musée national d’art moderne Centre de création industrielle Copyright de l’œuvre © Adagp, Paris Crédit photo / Photo credit © Centre Pompidou, MNAM-CCI / Philippe Migeat / Dist. RMN-GP

Maar received her first commissions and opened a studio in 1931, specializing in portraiture, fashion and advertising. Some of her early works are seen in including Beauté
magazine, Excelsior Modes, Femina, Le Figaro illustré, and Heim. At the time, Maar distinguished her style of photography as a style of "playing with light, [of] forcing the shadows not to frown," according to art critic Jacques Guenne. Eventually, Maar encountered the Surrealists, sharing the antifascist cause and ideologies in her art. Maar became a household name in major surrealist exhibitions and displays, along with Man Ray, Hans Bellmer.Guenne further shared:

"So attentive as she is to study the material of a few select objects, flowers, seashells, all the fruits of the land and the sea, Dora Markovitch is even more attracted to street performances."

Apart from being a Surrealist, Maar is an experimentalist. Her encounter with the painter Pablo Picasso gave her the opportunity to further get in touch with her artistic exploration. Her interest in painting also resurfaced.

After the war, Maar's visibility in the artistic community gradually decreased, spending her remaining years unknown. Maar did return to photography in the 1980's, forty years after abandoning it. Although cameraless, she finally reconciled painting and photography through photograms.

Dora Maar Assia, 1934 Épreuve gélatino-argentique 26,4 x 19,5 cm Achat grâce au mécénat d’Yves Rocher, 2011. Ancienne collection Christian Bouqueret Collection Centre Pompidou, Paris Musée national d’art moderne Centre de création industrielle; Dora Maar 29 rue d’Astorg, vers 1936 Épreuve gélatino-argentique rehaussée de couleur 29,4 x 24,4 cm Achat en 1990 Collection Centre Pompidou, Paris Musée national d’art moderne Centre de création industrielle; Dora Maa Sans titre [Mannequin assise de profil en robe et veste de soirée], vers 1932 - 1935 29,9 x 23,8 cm Achat en 1995 Collection Centre Pompidou, Paris Musée national d’art moderne Centre de création industrielle ; Portrait de Picasso, Paris, studio du 29, rue d’Astorg, hiver 1935 - 1936 Négatif gélatino-argentique sur support souple en nitrate de cellulose 12 x 9 cm Achat en 2004 Collection Centre Pompidou, Paris Musée national d’art moderne Centre de création industrielle; Dora Maar Sans titre, vers 1980 épreuve gélatino-argentique 9 x 6 cm Achat en 2018 Collection Centre Pompidou, Paris Musée national d’art moderne Centre de création industrielle Copyright de l’œuvre © Adagp, Paris Crédit photo / Photo credit © Centre Pompidou, MNAM-CCI / Philippe Migeat / Dist. RMN-GP

The Centre Pompidou will display nearly 500 works and documents from more than 90 lenders and museum archives and will run through 11 July.


Images are with permission from the Centre Pompidou. For more information, visit the centre's website.

2019-05-22 #news #surrealism #surrealist-photography #dora-maar

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