Remember, remember, the fifth of November.
Guy Fawkes Day, Bonfire Night or Firework Night is an annual British celebration which memorializes the event in 1605, in which a member of the Gunpowder Plot named Guy Fawkes was arrested as he guarded explosives that were placed beneath the House of Lords. It celebrates the fact that the King, James I, survived the attempted murder of his life. And so, people around London would then observe the Fifth of November Act, a public, thanksgiving holiday for the plot's failure.
Guy Fawkes, along with members of the Gunpowder Plot, was a Catholic loyalist during a time England joined the Reformation. Thus establishing the Church of England which was supported by the Crown. This led to the persecution of Catholics themselves.
Through an anonymous letter did the authorities found out about the plot, leading to a search of Westminster Palace, and found Fawkes guarding the explosives. For the next days, he was captured, questioned, tortured until he confessed. He was executed on the 31st of January, where he fell from the scaffold where he was supposed to be hanged.
"Don't you Remember,
The Fifth of November,
'Twas Gunpowder Treason Day,
I let off my gun,
And made'em all run.
And Stole all their Bonfire away. (1742)"
Today, the holiday is celebrated through gorgeous displays of fireworks, bonfires, and parades. People would make straw dummies that represented Guy Fawkes and would throw him into the fire.
To this day, the only place that does not celebrate Guy Fawkes Night is his school, St. Peter's in York, as the school refuses to burn a guy out of respect for one of their own.