From the 1800's to the middle of 1900's, stages and halls were graced by cartwheeling ladies doing the Can-Can in Europe. similar to the chorus line, the performers and their dances centered more on their bodies. Here's to the old days of the cabaret.
It first began in the 1860's, where dance troupes including the Tiller Girls and the Gaiety Girls found success in England through less provocation than with their American and French counterparts, they were the major theater acts of the 20th century, including Ziegfeld Follies and The Rockettes. Do not be fooled by the frivolity though -- these dancers work with hours and hours of practice for flawless choreography.
Moulin Rouge, Le Lido, and the Folie Bergere were known to feature dancers with more eroticism. A few decades later, the success would be revived in Sin City, Las Vegas.
The performances declined due to the rise of strip clubs and burlesque when men began to just want risque, erotic dancing than Broadway chorus lines. It cost less and was cheaper to produce, hence a win-win for striptease and lose-lose for polished stage productions.
Images are from Flashbak.