In the heydays of the 20th century, photographers Gérard Ifert (Basel, 1929), William Klein (New York, 1928) and Wojciech Zamecznik (Warsaw, 1923-1967) invented a new sort and dimension of photography in the 50's and 60's. Taking lessons from abstract art, photography became capable of modernist, graphic surrealism with the camera.
In the post-war years, these three photographers managed to revolutionize photography, despite its young history in the arts. Through photomontages, formal abstractions, they became predecessors and influences of the Bauhaus, a school that promotes the alliance between the fine arts and the applied arts. The artist takes center stage and is in charge. The photographer becomes a painter, the camera, his pencil. To draw with light, as most would define photography.
Gerard Ifert, William Klein, Wojciech Zamecznik are three among who played active roles in 50's and 60's photography, highly influenced by Laszlo Moholy-Nagy and Gyorgy Kepes. Klein is known for his unusual use of techniques in the context of photojournalism and fashion photography. Ifert was a graphic design artist and abstract photographer in the context of architecture, furniture design, and fashion. Wojciech Zamecznik was a Polish graphic artist, architect, photographer and interior designer whose notable works were found in movie and socio-political, ascetic, posters and paraphernalia.
This is abstract, modernist, and graphic surrealism at its finest.
Catch the upcoming display of these three pioneers on "PHOTOGRAPHISME: Ifert, Klein, Zamecznik" at the Centre Pompidou, Paris, November 8, and will run through January 29, 2018.
Images are from the press kit.