The New Objectivity was a German art movement that reacted against the expressionists. Photographer Albert Renger-Patzsch took the matter-of-fact style of the movement and made it into his, becoming a prolific figure of the New Objectivity movement.
Similar to America's Edward Weston, Renger-Patzsch believed that photography was meant to fabricate and reproduce reality, and represent the essence of the object. His series of Rurh landscapes are of modernist taste, which would eventually influence Bernd, Hilla Becher and others. Reserved emotional aspects and clear compositions greatly mark his signature.
"The secret of a good photograph—which, like a work of art, can have esthetic qualities—is its realism ... Let us therefore leave art to artists and endeavor to create, with the means peculiar to photography and without borrowing from art, photographs which will last because of their photographic qualities."
Photography's role as a communicator of the complex and complicated have never been more amplified in the 20th century. Here are three decades of American history that marks some of the most important moments, taken by none other than the most respected photographers.
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Once upon a day in Dutch thrift store, a photographer that went by the name of Martijn van Oers purchased a folding camera from the early 20th century. Little did he know, tucked inside was an exposed, undeveloped film.
In the heydays of the 20th century, photographers Gérard Ifert, William Klein, and Wojciech Zamecznik invented a new sort and dimension of photography in the 50's and 60's. Taking lessons from abstract art, photography became capable of modernist, graphic surrealism with the camera.
In early 20th century, a photographer named Arthur Mole and his assistant John Thomas were commissioned by the US Military to capture group portraits of patriotic symbols to boost the country's morale.
Vietnam was under the French Rule since the 19 century. By the early 20th century, prosperity of Western influences came to Vietnam. The photographs were taken by Charles Petrie! Who captured everyday life.
Refusing to be labeled as a war photographer, Bruno Barbey's four-decade career captured most of the 20th-century world history's most arresting moments of humanity in the face of conflict and adversity.
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And once again, art history has almost forgotten to write this rather very important figure in early cinema. The female pioneer of early French cinema is one of the first to experiment with sound syncing, color tinting, interracial casting and special effects.
Manx photographer Chris Killip's In Flagrante is one of the most important photobooks of documentary photography. We revisit his work that captured the deindustrialization of the working class communities in Northern England during the 70's and 80's.