One of the earliest 35mm SLR cameras by Russian camera maker KMZ, the Zenit-S was introduced in 1955. If you find the look and design of this camera very familiar, you’ll find out why in this installment of Lomopedia.
Introduced in 1955 and produced until 1961, the Zenit-S was a 35mm SLR camera made by Russian camera maker Krasnogorsk Mechanical Factory (KMZ). Also known as Zenit-C, it was an updated version of the first model launched in 1952. Like the original, the Zenit-S sported a design based on KMZ’s Zorki rangefinder camera: the rangefinder housing on the top of the camera was removed, then replaced with a plain ground-glass screen and prism. Like the Zorki, the Zenit-S was also a bottom-loader camera.
The Zenit-S was equipped with a sync contact for external flash. The C in “Зенит-C” stands for S, which in turn stands for Synchronized (flash).
- Embossing on the front of prism: KMZ logo
- Lens: Industar-22 (ИНДУСТАР) 50mm f/3.5; Other standard lens is Industar-50 50mm f/3.5
- Mount: KMZ’s ZM39 screw mount.
- Lens release: Simply screw counter clocwise
- Aperture: f/3.5-f/16; setting: ring and scale on the lens
- Focus range: 1-20m +inf
- Focusing: Ground-glass screen, ring and scale w/DOF scale on the lens
- Shutter: Rubberized silk double cloth curtain, horizontal focal plane
- Shutter Speeds: Before 1959 – 1/25, 1/50, 1/100, 1/250, 1/500 +B; Since 1959 – 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500 +B
- Shutter release: On the top-plate
- Cocking knob: Also winds the film, on the right of the tıop plate
- Frame counter: Manual setting, on the cocking knob
- Viewfinder: SLR pentaprism
- Mirror: Not instant return
- Film Loading: Bottom loading, removable special take up spool; Bottom plate opens by a folding lever on it
- Engravings around the opening ring: ЗAКР – ОTKP (Zakr- Otkr = Close – Open). ОTKP is an abbreviation for ОТКРЫТЫЙ
- Camera overall dimensions: 78×90×138 mm
- Camera weight: 630 g