Krakatau is a volcanic island in Indonesia that was virtually destroyed in 1883 by one of the world’s most violent eruptions.
Krakatau was seven miles (11 km) long and four miles (6.4 km) wide, and consisted of three volcanoes up to 2,600 feet (790 m) high. During August 26-27, the island erupted in a series of explosions that destroyed the northern two-thirds and created a cavity as much as 900 feet (270 m) below sea level. Only a portion of one of the volcanoes, Rakata, remained.
The most violent eruption occurred on August 27. It was heard nearly 3,000 miles (4,800 km) away; ash clouds rose to a height of 50 miles (80 km); and dust darkened a wide area for several days. Along the nearby coasts of Java and Sumatra, a tidal wave up to 120 feet (36 m) high destroyed several hundred towns and killed some 36,000 people, mostly by drowning.
Krakatau resumed activity on the ocean floor in 1927 and emerged from the sea in 1952. The new cone, now some 400 feet (120 m) high, is called Anak Krakatau (child of Krakatau). Today you can come and step your foot on it searching closely the minerals (Volcanic bomb, lava, lappili) from the bottom of the earth which were thrown up through its creater.
Krakatau and its terific eruption which is recorded in the history now invites every one to come and witness for science as well as for pleasure. Now the child of Krakatau has reached approx 200 m above sea level with the diameter of 2 kilometres. The way to get there is from Canti located in Kalianda about an hour driving from Bandar Lampung, and the boats will take to the Karakatau area. Near by the Krakatau there are Sebuku and sabesi island as for stopover and staying over night. It only taken one and half hour from Canti.
Until this article was written, the eruption of Anak Krakatau has reached 74 times a day!