認識暹粒的歷史

2012-09-20

暹粒(Siem Reap),作為通往美麗雄偉的吳哥(Angkor)遺址的通道,就是如此地獨特-很多個世紀前,它曾是高棉帝國(Khmer empire)的坐椅。

遺址大小不一,並散落於農場及森林之間。當中最著名、修復最完整的寺廟就是最大型、最宏偉、也同時被聯合國教科文組織(UNESCO)列為世界遺產的吳哥窟(Angkor Wat)。

日出後的吳哥窟(Angkor Wat)

吳哥窟(Angkor Wat)是到柬埔寨旅遊的人們的主要焦點;在芸芸遺址中,它是保存得最妥善的,當中大部份的雕刻也被修復了。它覆蓋的範圍很廣-單是周邊位置己跨越數公里,四周也有護城河作保衛之用。從暹粒(Siem Reap)乘篤篤(tuk-tuk)到來只是大約 5 公里的路程。

獅子守護著通往道路的入口

有心理準備要作長時間的步行,並需一些攀爬動作-但你可看到的就是複雜精細的雕刻和細節。

宏偉的寺廟共有兩個入口-在背面的入口比較荒蕪,也不設如前門一樣的攤檔(請注意,這些攤檔的售價一如其他遊客區一樣普遍偏高)。

通往背面入口的道路…

它會帶領你到以下的地方:

從背面,你可沿著滿是雕刻的走廊一直走,那些雕刻述說的是一個完整的故事。那走廊很長,有些人未必會從頭到尾走完。以下是其中兩張照片:

吳哥窟(Angkor Wat)附近是壯麗的巴容廟(Bayon Temple)-它最聞名的就是在其大部份的塔樓上的巨大人臉石刻。

在以下的照片中,你看到了多少個頭? (:

寺廟中的建築跟吳哥窟中的經典風格構成強烈的對比,雖然其保存比後者稍為遜色,但仍是一個很壯觀的景點。

另一些遺跡包括鬥象台(Elephant Terrace):

以及癩王台(Terrace of the Leper King):

這個癩王的雕像(如上圖)是個複製品,如果我沒有記錯,真身應該是在某博物館裡。別在爬到最頂端後便立即離開-那裡有一條如迷宮的小路,雖然在露天的地方卻被高牆包圍,沿路有不少絕妙的雕刻:

正在小休的遊人

在寺廟中最常看到的是小孩子:

他們大部份生活在貧困的環境中,大多會在擁有歷史的名勝景點行乞或以售賣小飾品維生。但如果你光顧其中一位,其他的小孩便會蜂擁而上;所以在掏腰包前請三思。這樣也會間接鼓勵他們離開學校去繼續這些牟利的活動。

不想以如此可悲的事實作結,其實寺廟的範圍內也可找到不少可愛的動物:

順帶一提,別忘了到訪人跡罕至的寺廟。相距最大的吳哥遺址 20 公里的女皇宮(Banteay Srei)一般被認為是其他寺廟的迷你縮影,雖然路途遙遠,但它是個絕不能錯過的景點。就讓我們盡情享受探索遺跡的樂趣吧!

written by cherieamour on 2012-09-20 #places #location #escape-from-the-city #angkor-wat-cambodia-siem-reap-bayon-temple-temples-history
translated by gateau

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