Tag: excerpt

  • LC-A Big Book Chapter 41: 1900-1914 The First Optical Works of Russia

    written by ungrumpy on 2012-11-20 in #library
    LC-A Big Book Chapter 41: 1900-1914 The First Optical Works of Russia

    Production increased quickly and the quality of the optical devices went up almost monthly. More and more workers were assigned and products, ranging from optical lenses and binoculars to spyglasses and periscopes to rangefinders, gained wide popularity with the military and citizenry alike. The attitude of the later LOMO PLC works was already starting to evolve.

  • LC-A Big Book Chapter 28: Babushkas and Lomo Embassies in St. Petersburg

    written by ungrumpy on 2012-11-20 in #library
    LC-A Big Book Chapter 28: Babushkas and Lomo Embassies in St. Petersburg

    “Do I look like a grandmother?”A doctor twice over, executive chairman of LOMO PLC, who had worked for more than 30 years at the company, Aleksandr Aronov had few similarities to a “Babuschka”. Holding the fax in his hand, he could hardly believe his eyes; it stated that a member of the Lomographic Society had alleged to a writer in a Chicago newspaper that the LOMO LC-A was being manufactured by grandmothers in the factory halls in St Petersburg who wore head scarves and were wrapped in shawls.

  • LC-A Big Book Chapter 37: The Colibri Manufacturers in China

    written by ungrumpy on 2012-11-20 in #library
    LC-A Big Book Chapter 37: The Colibri Manufacturers in China

    In the beginning the Colibri Manufacturers didn’t have it easy finding enough new and good employees. As a result of the large economic boom in China many experts and engineers migrated to bigger cities such as Beijing, Shanghai or Shenzhen. However, the majority of people were not motivated merely by a good salary and so preferred to stay loyal to their old jobs and remain in their towns. Production of the LOMO LC-A+ was therefore steady from Autumn 2006 onwards but at a lower level.

  • LC-A Big Book Chapter 58: Privatisation: Steering LOMO PLC Towards the Open Market

    written by ungrumpy on 2012-11-20 in #library
    LC-A Big Book Chapter 58: Privatisation: Steering LOMO PLC Towards the Open Market

    The preparations for the privatisation of the company were then made under Klebanov’s shrewd command. A Privatisation Committee was set up, restructuring processes were finalised and the American consultant company McKinsey was hired to advise the LOMO PLC managers on the entry to the new market.

  • LC-A Big Book Chapter 25: The More the Lomographers, the Less the Lomo LC-A's

    written by ungrumpy on 2012-11-20 in #library
    LC-A Big Book Chapter 25: The More the Lomographers, the Less the Lomo LC-A's

    The Lomographers wandered around the International Tourismus Börse ITB (International Tourism Fair) going from one stand to the next. The impending end of production of their beloved camera had left them extremely disheartened but suddenly in the distance they caught a glimpse of an old acquaintance.

  • LC-A Big Book Chapter 57: Perestroika, Glasnost, and the Split of the Soviet Union

    written by ungrumpy on 2012-11-20 in #library
    LC-A Big Book Chapter 57: Perestroika, Glasnost, and the Split of the Soviet Union

    After the Soviet Union officially split up in 1991, the borders were opened to the West and many former Soviet companies found themselves confronted with totally new and unfamiliar circumstances. Until the 1990s, Soviet enterprises received detailed directives from Moscow; when and how to do something, to whom finished products should be delivered to and what tasks had to be fulfilled on what day.

  • LC-A Big Book Chapter 29: Problems with the Black Market

    written by ungrumpy on 2012-11-20 in #library
    LC-A Big Book Chapter 29: Problems with the Black Market

    Advertisements appeared in various newspapers and on internet sites, publicising brand new LOMO LC-A’s for low prices. The question was: where were these people getting these new cameras from, on the Russian black market? How was it possible since the Lomographic Society was not only the sole purchaser of the camera but also exclusive worldwide distributor? Steps had to be taken because the illegal trade of the cameras was naturally harming the legitimate market and was certainly not approved by the LOMO PLC senior management, nor understandably by the Lomographers themselves.

  • LC-A Big Book Chapter 55: MIR Space Equipment, Movie Cameras, Video Recorders, and TV Sets

    written by ungrumpy on 2012-11-20 in #library
    LC-A Big Book Chapter 55: MIR Space Equipment, Movie Cameras, Video Recorders, and TV Sets

    Besides the many advancements in camera development that paved the way for the most celebrated of all LOMO PLCcameras, the LOMO LC-A, the LOMO PLC workers did not rest and were busily improving their products and inventing new devices.

  • LC-A Big Book Chapter 31: The Final End of Lomo LC-A Production

    written by ungrumpy on 2012-11-20 in #library
    LC-A Big Book Chapter 31: The Final End of Lomo LC-A Production

    After 2000, the LOMO LC-A continued to be produced but constant price increases were becoming the norm. Continued production was becoming more difficult day by day, and both the Lomographers and the LOMO LC-A found workers of LOMO PLC were becoming more and more disheartened. An early end to production was foreseeable and the future of the small camera was becoming more uncertain by the day.

  • LC-A Big Book Chapter 14: The 27th Communist Party Congress

    written by ungrumpy on 2012-11-20 in #library
    LC-A Big Book Chapter 14: The 27th Communist Party Congress

    Rapid changes in the history of the Soviet Union in the '80s had a radical impact on the LOMO PLC factories in St Petersburg, and of course, with the production of the LOMO LC-A. The 27th Communist Party Congress which took place in Moscow may have been the last but it was made more memorable with the help of the LOMO LC-A camera.

  • LC-A Big Book Chapter 18: The Fax to St. Petersburg

    written by ungrumpy on 2012-11-20 in #library
    LC-A Big Book Chapter 18: The Fax to St. Petersburg

    Meanwhile, in St Petersburg. Some of the rare sun rays penetrated the somewhat neglected double window on the second floor of the LOMO PLC offices and caused the manager of the newly established Public Relations Department, Lazar Semyonovich Zalmanov, to squint. “What on earth did the comrade from the marketing department send me here for?” he asked himself while he re-read the fax he had recently received. “Public Relations boss Zalmanov, this may be of interest to you” wrote the Deputy Head of the marketing department.

  • LC-A Big Book Chapter 19: 300 Cameras in the Vienna Headquarters

    written by ungrumpy on 2012-11-20 in #library
    LC-A Big Book Chapter 19: 300 Cameras in the Vienna Headquarters

    The first sales contract for the one-off order of 300 cameras was signed and the Austrian Delegation said their friendly farewells to the Russians. They had no idea what the future still held. On leaving, Lazar casually disclosed to the Lomographers that the Christmas production of the LOMO LC-A was finally coming to an end. He wished the pale Lomographers a safe journey and went into the office of the then Director General Ilya Iosifovich Klebanov in order to report to him about the unusual visit. Upon observing the approaching Viennese group through the windowpane, with their leather coats and long hair, the former boss of the Filiale production halls and good future friend of the Lomographers had refused outright to have a meeting with the utterly nonbusiness-like young men.

  • LC-A Big Book Chapter 21: We Want More Lomo LC-A's! Tough Negotiations in St. Petersburg

    written by ungrumpy on 2012-11-20 in #library
    LC-A Big Book Chapter 21: We Want More Lomo LC-A's! Tough Negotiations in St. Petersburg

    In October 1995, when the Lomographers then asked for 3,000 cameras per month, an unexpected answer came from the Russians: “As we are delivering the cameras these will cost 50% more per camera“. What! How on earth was this possible? What looked so simple from the free-market perspective of the Austrians (at last the cameras were selling like hotcakes), was unfortunately much more complicated in St Petersburg.

  • LC-A Big Book Chapter 22: We Want More LOMO LC-A’s Temporary Discontinuation of Production

    written by ungrumpy on 2012-11-20 in #library
    LC-A Big Book Chapter 22: We Want More LOMO LC-A’s Temporary Discontinuation of Production

    Sadly, despite combined efforts – the Lomographers were ready to raise the purchase price against the US Dollar – the new calculations were nonetheless disappointing. The Lomographers would be required to pay an unaffordable unit price to ensure that production even in minimum quantities would still be profitable for LOMO PLC.

  • LC-A Big Book Chapter 27: The Turn of the Millenium: The Lomo Embassy in St. Petersburg and the 15 Year Contract

    written by ungrumpy on 2012-11-20 in #library
    LC-A Big Book Chapter 27: The Turn of the Millenium: The Lomo Embassy in St. Petersburg and the 15 Year Contract

    At the end of 1999 discussions in St Petersburg arose again on the topic of whether to stop selling the LOMO LC-A directly from the factory and in the LOMO PLC in-house shop in St. Petersburg. This was settled in a contract in 1997, which the Russians resisted up until the very end. It would be no great loss to LOMO PLC to stop selling the camera.

  • LC-A Big Book Chapter 42: 1914-1920 Communism and the First Cinema Projector of the Union

    written by ungrumpy on 2012-11-20 in #library
    LC-A Big Book Chapter 42: 1914-1920 Communism and the First Cinema Projector of the Union

    In June 1918, the first domestic motion picture projector “Rus” was unveiled. It was used in many small remote villages far away from the centres of power and allowed many brave Russians to enjoy the pleasure of Russian cinema. It is very probable that many projections of Sergej. M. Eisenstein's famous film “Bronenosetz Potemkin” (Battleship Potemkin) have been shown on the “Rus” or other LOMO PLC-produced projectors across the whole country.

  • LC-A Big Book Chapter 44: 1930: Fotokor, LOMO PLC’s First Mass Produced Photo Camera

    written by ungrumpy on 2012-11-20 in #library
    LC-A Big Book Chapter 44: 1930: Fotokor, LOMO PLC’s First Mass Produced Photo Camera

    So it came to be that in 1929 the Director General himself, L.G. Titov, brought home a Zeiss Icon Maximar folding camera, showed it to his astounded wife and told her in firm belief: “We Russians need similar photographic equipment to document our lives, and it will be GOZ who will make the very first Russian camera for the masses!”

  • LC-A Big Book Chapter 64: First of All: What are Compact Cameras?

    written by ungrumpy on 2012-11-20 in #library
    LC-A Big Book Chapter 64: First of All: What are Compact Cameras?

    So why did compact cameras become so popular and successful? Photography hasn't always been as easy as that and what we see before us with the LOMO LC-A + (which is clearly our most preferred compact camera) is the fruit of many decades of hard work and fancy inventions.

  • LC-A Big Book Chapter 74: Rangefinders are Back

    written by ungrumpy on 2012-11-20 in #library
    LC-A Big Book Chapter 74: Rangefinders are Back

    The biggest advantages of rangefinder-cameras are that they are in general quieter and smaller than SLR-cameras, therefore quite important for the development of compact cameras. Although the development of these cameras was temporarily stopped by the Second World War, rangefinders experienced a second golden age in the 1950s.

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  • LC-A Big Book Chapter 65: And What The Hell Does It Have To Do With Lomography?

    written by ungrumpy on 2012-11-19 in #library
    LC-A Big Book Chapter 65: And What The Hell Does It Have To Do With Lomography?

    The invention and development of compact cameras made everyday snap-shots possible and accessible to everyone. Advances in technology made cameras shrink and reduced their complexity, thereby making them easy to use for everyone.

  • LC-A Big Book Chapter 68: A Brownie for Everyone

    written by ungrumpy on 2012-11-19 in #library
    LC-A Big Book Chapter 68: A Brownie for Everyone

    The Brownie was supposed to be so easy that it was clearly advertised not only as a cheap and easy camera for everyone but also as the perfect gift or toot for school boys and girts. Six square exposures were possible on one film cartridge with the early models.

  • Chapter 15 Lomo Kikuyu: It Is Up To You: A Slice of Nut Loaf and a Pint of Beer, or Someone’s Eyesight!

    written by ungrumpy on 2011-12-07 in #library
    Chapter 15 Lomo Kikuyu: It Is Up To You: A Slice of Nut Loaf and a Pint of Beer, or Someone’s Eyesight!

    Having got this far in the book you are now well-informed: You know who Gikuyu and Mumbi are, you feel a sense of kinship with Mrs Schmidt and Mr Lopez, you know what a cataract is, how the operation works, how people in the whole of East Africa are being helped by jeep and plane, what the Kikuyu Eye Unit does, how it helps, and most of all how your contribution is best invested there. Which leads us to the hottest of issues: your money!

  • Chapter 14 Lomo Kikuyu: The Central Administrative and Financial Headquarters: Light for the World in Vienna

    written by ungrumpy on 2011-12-06 in #library
    Chapter 14 Lomo Kikuyu: The Central Administrative and Financial Headquarters: Light for the World in Vienna

    In the meantime, the whole fuss about eyesight, Kikuyu, safaris and cataracts has set you a-thinking. How do the people here in the rich parts of the world find out that the sick in Kenya need our help? Who donates to whom? And what exactly is Light for the World? More and more questions are partially answered at www.lomography.com/kikuyu.

  • Chapter 13 Lomo Kikuyu: Kikuyu Finances: Where Does the Money Come from and What is Done with it?

    written by ungrumpy on 2011-12-05 in #library
    Chapter 13 Lomo Kikuyu: Kikuyu Finances: Where Does the Money Come from and What is Done with it?

    The thought that such an eye clinic probably costs a fair whack must surely have flickered through your mind. So how does the Kikuyu Eye Unit support itself?

  • Chapter 12 Lomo Kikuyu: The Further Education Programme

    written by ungrumpy on 2011-12-02 in #library
    Chapter 12 Lomo Kikuyu: The Further Education Programme

    The demand for surgeons, assistants and nurses is rising steadily with the spread of information about the ways eye disorders can be healed.

  • Chapter 11 Lomo Kikuyu: Cross-Border Safaris and Safaris by Plane

    written by ungrumpy on 2011-12-01 in #library
    Chapter 11 Lomo Kikuyu: Cross-Border Safaris and Safaris by Plane

    Not all areas can be reached by jeep. Some areas are so far away or so remote that driving there would take too long, and they can only be reached by plane. In such cases it is not possible to undergo largely planned preliminary examinations and to take the patients who need surgery to Kikuyu a week later as would normally be the case in the Outreach Programme.

  • Chapter 10 Lomo Kikuyu: The Community Outreach Programme & Road Safaris

    written by ungrumpy on 2011-11-30 in #library
    Chapter 10 Lomo Kikuyu: The Community Outreach Programme & Road Safaris

    Many roads lead to Kikuyu. The word has spread among the visually afflicted of Kenya, and no small number have heard at some point of the eye clinic near Nairobi – and even found their way there by themselves to receive excellent treatment and be cured (as already described). But there are still also an enormous number of people who have difficulty seeing or are completely blind in Kenya who have never even heard of the Kikuyu Eye Unit.

  • Chapter 9 Lomo Kikuyu: The Kikuyu Eye Unit – How an Eye Clinic Works

    written by ungrumpy on 2011-11-30 in #library
    Chapter 9 Lomo Kikuyu: The Kikuyu Eye Unit – How an Eye Clinic Works

    Back to Kikuyu. You know now what this is about, and you can imagine why it is so extremely important to dedicate so much attention and financial resources to combating eye diseases and blindness. The Kikuyu Eye Unit plays a key role for the whole of Kenya! That it costs money, even though considerably less than it would here in the industrialised countries, is clear. As is the fact that there is still not enough money for it in these countries, either.

  • Chapter 8 Lomo Kikuyu: Vitamin A Deficiency

    written by ungrumpy on 2011-11-29 in #library
    Chapter 8 Lomo Kikuyu: Vitamin A Deficiency

    Many children go blind due to vitamin A deficiency as the result of malnutrition. In many parts of Africa families simply do not have the wherewithal to nourish themselves properly, and they suffer from vitamin deficiency as a result.

  • Chapter 7 Lomo Kikuyu: Trachoma

    written by ungrumpy on 2011-11-28 in #library
    Chapter 7 Lomo Kikuyu: Trachoma

    The cataract is neither the beginning nor the end of this story. There are many more illnesses, and a shocking number of people afflicted by them.