Peggys Cove is one of the busiest tourist attractions in Nova Scotia and is a prime attraction on the Lighthouse Trail scenic drive. The community's famous lighthouse marks the eastern entrance of St. Margarets Bay and is officially known as the Peggys Point Lighthouse. This lighthouse is one of the most-photographed structures in Atlantic Canada and one of the most recognizable lighthouses in the world.
Peggys Cove is a small, rural community of around 50 people located on the eastern shore of St. Margarets Bay in Nova Scotia’s Halifax Regional Municipality. Peggys Cove is 43 kilometers from downtown Halifax and is one of the numerous small fishing communities located around the peninsula. The name is somewhat of a folklore story stemming from being named after a child survivor of a shipwreck in the area.
The village was founded in 1811 when the province of Nova Scotia issued a land grant of more than 800 acres to six families of German descent. The settlers relied on fishing mainly, but also farmed where the soil was fertile. They used surrounding lands to pasture cattle. In the early 1900s the population peaked at about 300. The community supported a schoolhouse, church, general store, lobster cannery, and boats of all sizes that were nestled in the Cove.
In more recent times, many artists and photographers flocked to Peggys Cove. As roads improved, the number of tourists increased. Today, the population is smaller, but Peggys Cove remains an active fishing village and a favorite tourist destination. Peggys Cove has a classic red-and-white lighthouse. The light station is situated on an extensive granite outcrop at Peggys Point, immediately south of the village and its cove. Visitors can explore the granite outcrop on Peggys Point around the lighthouse; despite numerous signs warning of unpredictable surf. I personally think that the granite looks like something from out of space, like the moon’s surface.
Despite all of these, the government of Canada has declared it, as well as most of the other lighthouses in Canada, as surplus, so there is a group of people campaigning for it to be saved under the Heritage Lighthouse Protection Act. The locals still fish for lobster, and the community maintains a rustic undeveloped appearance. The government have strict land-use rules in the Peggys Cove area, with most property development not allowed.
Some historical information taken from Wikipedia.