Salzburg is a famous Austrian city for several reasons. First and foremost, it is the birthplace of the great composer W.A. Mozart; secondly, it is where the movie musical The Sound of Music is set in. A less well-known reason is that each year the famous Salzburg Festival takes place here.
Salzburg means salt castle. It is a very baroque city. Salzburg is located in the west part of Austria. It is about a three-hour train journey away from the Austrian capital Vienna by Railjet, and a one-and-a-half hour train ride from Munich, Germany. It is also served by the Salzburg Airport.
Historically, Salzburg used to be an independent state, ruled by the archbishop of Salzburg. That’s why Mozart should be a ‘Salzburgian’ instead of an Austrian.
The old town of Salzburg was nominated as a World Heritage Site in 1996 and is famous for its baroque architecture. When you are in Salzburg, make sure you go to the Getreidegasse, which is within the old town. There are quite a number of churches in the city and most of them are very beautiful.
Though a small town, there is much you can do in Salzburg. If you are a fan of The Sound of Music (1965), I would recommend you go on a bicycle tour that will bring you to a lot of the scenes from the film, including Maria’s Abbey, the Mansion, the graveyard (St Peter’s Abbey with the Petersfriedhof) and many more. While having fun in Salzburg, just don’t forget to drop by at the Mirabell Garden where the song do-re-mi was filmed.
If you are a fan of classical music, then you should drop by the town in Easter or in the summer. It is when the Salzburg Easter Festival and Salzburg Operas, especially those written by Mozart are staged, as well as other classical concerts. Famous orchestras like the Wiener Philharmoniker and Berliner Philharmoniker usually performs in the Großes Festspielhaus each year.
Speaking of music, you can also visit the birthplace of Mozart, which is always full of visitors.
If you climb the mountain, and go up to the castle, then you can get a good view of the town, which is an place ideal for photographs.
Other attractions in the city includes the Residenz Palace, where the Prince-Archbishop lived, and the Salzburg Museum.
If you have a day or two to spare in Salzburg, then I would suggest you take a train to Hallstatt, which is also a lovely and scenic Austrian town.