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Abkhazia, New Athos

New Athos is a town of Abkhazia, situated some 22 km from Sukhumi by the shores of the Black Sea. The town was previously known under the names Nikopol, Acheisos, Anakopia, Nikopia, Nikofia, Nikopsis, Absara, Psyrtskha.

New Athos is a town of Abkhazia, situated some 22 km from Sukhumi by the shores of the Black Sea. The town was previously known under the names Nikopol, Acheisos, Anakopia, Nikopia, Nikofia, Nikopsis, Absara, Psyrtskha.

The city territory can be conditionally divided into three zones – the coastal with golden beaches, the sub-mountain with big forests and the mountainous with picturesque gorges. Each zone is distinguished by its special charm. The coastal zone is decorated by marvelous park with samples of exotic flora: palm trees, laurels, magnolias, bananas, oleanders, eucalyptus and others as well as pure river ponds with swans. Cypress-lined avenues stretch along the entire territory of the resort. At the foot of the mountains you will find yellow-orange groves of orange, tangerine and lemon trees.

And of course, the mountainous landscape is especially charming: the tiers of mountain chains rise higher and higher to the snow-covered peaks of the Major Caucasian Ridge. They protect the resort from northern winds; the sea breeze creates sunny and cool weather even in the middle of summer. The average temperature in the summer is +23, in the winter +6 С .

According to the Bible these lands became the place of Christian sermons of Apostle Simon Canonite who was later killed there. On the place of his burial the St. Simon Canonite temple, the major relic of New Athos and entire Abkhazia, was erected.

In the 4th century Abkhazians constructed a fortress on Mount Iberia and called it Anakopia. It was repeatedly attacked by enemies – the fiercest battle for the fortress took place in 736-737 when Anakopia protected by Georgian tsar Archil and Abkhazian ruler Leon I resisted the attacks of Arabian armies under the leadership of Murvan ibn Mohammed.

The city’s rebirth was in 1874 when the monks from St. Panteleimon monastery came to Akopia from the Holy Mount Athos in Greece . The imperial government allowed them to found a monastery in Abkhazia. The monks liked this area a lot. At the foot of Mount Iberia (New Athos) they built New Athos monastery which become one of the greatest cult structures of Caucasus . The settlement which appeared nearby with churches, dwelling houses and cells, gardens and parks was also named New Athos.
The contemporary resort city was formed on the place of monastic settlement in the 20th century.

written by grad

1 comment

  1. saidseni

    saidseni

    Great lomolocation, love it! :) Lomo on!

    almost 5 years ago · report as spam

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