Oporto is a Portuguese city of 41.66 kilometers square of area where live about 221 800 inhabitants.
Oporto is a Portuguese city of 41.66 kilometers square of area where live about 221 800 inhabitants. Oporto, in Roman times, was called Portus Cale, the origin of the name Portugal. Oporto is the second largest city of Portugal and is located on the right bank of the Douro River (http://lomography.com/magazine/locations/2009/01/05/douro-river).
Oporto has a lot of cultural references in the whole city. It has a lot of museums like Museum of Contemporary Art, one of the most visited museums in the country. The Museum of Transport and Communications aims to show the history of transport and the media, the Tram Museum, located in Massarelos, a village near Porto, has a collection of trams and trailers that circulated through the city many years ago. There is the “Casa do Infante”, dated from the thirteenth century and where Infant D. Henrique was born. It is currently the city’s medieval museum and archive district.
The most daring and important construction in recent years is the House of Music which is the place with better acoustic conditions in the world. This work of architecture was designed for the event Porto Capital of Culture 2001 by Rem Koolhaas, a very famous dutch architect. The Rivoli Theater and Sá da Bandeira Teater are important places for shows and theaters which have historical and architectural importance, located in the downtown of Oporto. As tourist attractions, there are the Tower of Clérigos (http://lomography.com/magazine/locations/2008/07/28/tower-of-the-clerigos-church-porto), and the Serralves Foundation, a museum of contemporary art. The Historic Center is World Heritage, classified by UNESCO.
The city has a lot of events along the year like concerts, cultural events, theaters and music festivals. However, the biggest event in Oporto remains the São João of Porto, from 23 to 24 June, when thousands of people invade the streets of the city. This event is a popular “arrayal”, a festival where the main characters are: the sardines, the “Manjericos” (a typical plant of this season), “Alho-porro” (the leek), the colorful hammers and traditional dances (“Bailaricos”).
In what gastronomy is concerned, there are a lot of traditional dishes of Portugal origin in Oporto. The typical plate of Oporto is the “Tripas à moda do Porto”. The “Francesinha” is one of the most famous dish and consists of a sandwich stuffed with various meats usually beef, sausage, fresh sausage and cheese covered with a special sauce. The drink that has the name of the city is the Oporto Wine that is produced in the Alto Douro wine region. The Oporto Wine is exported internationally from the caves that are located on the left bank of the Douro River, in Gaia.