On December 17, 1903, two brothers named Wilbur and Orville Wright went out to in a field near Kitty Hawk in North Carolina and made history for successfully flying and controlling their aircraft, the Flyer.
After spending a great deal of time observing birds in flight, and years designing a series of both unmanned and manned gliders, the Wright Brothers were determined to solve the puzzle that will allow man to fly despite the obstacles that they face.
By 1902, their tests and studies lead to the development of a movable tail that would help balance the craft. The brothers had also designed a motor to help the aircraft propel as well as a new aircraft design, which they called the Flyer to accommodate to the extra weight.
The brothers managed to fly the aircraft successfully in secluded area in Kill Devil Hills near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. The first flight, by Orville, of 120 feet (37 m) in 12 seconds, at a speed of only 6.8 miles per hour (10.9 km/h) over the ground, while the next two flights covered approximately 175 feet (53 m) and 200 feet (61 m), by Wilbur and Orville respectively. Their altitude was about 10 feet (3.0 m) above the ground.
Unfortunately, after the successful flights, a powerful gust of wind flipped the Flyer several times severely damaging the aircraft. It was restored later on by Orville, but it was eventually lent to various locations as a display. As of today, the Flyer resides in the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C.