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The Bauhaus Cities Trilogy

The famous Bauhaus art school had a short history, but it is what made art what it is today. The school itself existed in three German cities under three different directors.

This trilogy was the inspiration of the Fisheye Baby 110 Bauhaus edition. The Bauhaus concept and movement has made a great impact in modern art, and our Fisheye Baby 110 Bauhaus will do that as well!

Bauhaus building in Weimar, Photo by Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

1919-1925: The Bauhaus was founded in Weimar in 1919 by architect Walter Gropius. It was created to combine architecture school, crafts school, and academy of the arts and became a pioneer of modernity. During its existence in Weimar, it became a favorite spot for meetings by the European avant-garde.

Bauhaus building in Dessau, Photo by Spiegel Online

1925-1932: Gropius moved the school to Dessau in 1925. Later on, Hannes Meyer replaced Gropius when he resigned as director in 1928. During this time, two building commissions were made, which still exists today: the five-apartment buildings in the city of Dessau, and the Federal School of the German Trade Union headquarters in Bernau.

Bauhaus building in Berlin, Photo by bauhaus

1932-1933: Meyer was a vocal communist who became a threat to the Bauhaus in Dessau. Gropius fired him in 1930 and replaced him with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Mies then interviewed students and dismissed the ones who were uncommitted to the school. He would not allow any supporters of Meyers to join the school. The National German Worker’s Party finally became strong enough to be able to gain control of the Dessau City Council and closed the school in 1931.

With his own money, Mies rented a factory in Berlin to use as the new Bauhaus. The school only operated for ten months until it was closed down in 1933 by the Gestapo. Mies fought and spoke to the head of the Gestapo, who eventually allowed the Berlin school to re-open. It was not long, however, until Mies and his faculty decided to voluntarily shut down the school itself.

written by ilkadj

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This is the original article written in: English. It is also available in: Deutsch, 한국어 & ภาษาไทย.