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A Short History of Stop-Motion Animation

Stop-motion has been around since the late 1800's. It involves adding movement to inanimate objects. Learn more about the history of stop-motion animation after the break.

In the early days of stop-motion animation, inanimate objects were used. The object was photographed, moved a bit and then photographed again. This process is repeated a number of times. After this, the photos are patched together in order to create animation. The very first example of a stop-motion animated short was The Humpty Dumpty Circus, created by Albert Smith and Stuart Blackton in 1899.

Emile Cohl
Emile Cohl, a French cartoonist and animator, was the one who brought stop-motion animation to America. For his stop-motion short films, he used his drawings, puppets and other inanimate objects that he could find. The first stop-motion animated film that he created was entitled Fantasmagorie. He finished it in 1908. For Fantasmagorie, he used 700 of his drawings that he individually photographed to created the animated sequence.

Willis O’Brien
Willis O’Brien was a special effects artist for motion pictures. His first feature film project was The Lost World, released in 1925. The movie had some stop-motion animation sequences that he worked on. His remarkable work for the movie also landed him another project to work on, King Kong.

Today, there are plenty of stop-motion animation artists who create wonderful stop-motion animated movies with the use of puppets, clay, paper and even photos of humans in action. Some of them include Tim Burton, Henry Selick and Nick Park.

Now let’s take look at the history of stop-motion animation… in stop-motion!

I love stop motion from chloe fleury on Vimeo.

Sources:
Wikipedia – History of Animation
Bioscopic
Stop Motion Central
Wikipedia – Emile Cohl

written by jeanmendoza

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This is the original article written in: English. It is also available in: Spanish, ภาษาไทย & Italiano.