Photograms: The Photographic Technique Without a Camera

1

Artistic photograms...the photographic technique without a camera, is very rewarding and the technique that I enjoyed most when I studied photography.

The technique consists of arranging objects on a sheet of photo-sensitive paper and exposing it to light, leaving behind the silhouettes of the objects. Transparent or translucent objects can be used to vary the tonal effects of the silhouettes.

The light from the enlarger should be limited by a very low aperture and well focussed on the paper so as to leave the objects’ shadows with clearly defined borders.

If an enlarger isn’t available, you can use a weak light source such as a small bulb. The light should always be uniform and directly above the work surface.

Here are some of the photograms that I made in 2000.

Paper used Ilford Multigrade IV
Enlarger: Meopta Opemus 5
Exposure time:30s
Objects used: headphone, cds, tobacco, negatives, clips, small bottle of aftershave.

written by robter on 2011-08-31 in #gear #tipster #meopta #enlarger #objects #light #opemus-5 #photograms #exposure
translated by bensozia

One Comment

  1. explorette
    explorette ·

    im going to be doing some of these in a few weeks now i have all the equiptment :D good stuff

More Interesting Articles

  • Robert Heinecken's Layered Photograms

    written by K. Aquino on 2015-07-12 in #world #lifestyle
    Robert Heinecken's Layered Photograms

    Heinecken repurposed images from advertising to make a critique of advertising. Without a camera or handmade collage techniques, he created his own version of multiple exposures.

  • Lomography's Little Lessons: Aperture

    written by jennifer_pos on 2015-03-14 in #gear #lifestyle #tipster
    Lomography's Little Lessons: Aperture

    Have you ever wondered why those nerdy camera constructors formulate complicated terms that baffle most normal citizens? Trust me, I know it all too well; Physics was the first subject to go when I had to choose between studying and spending yet another night pursuing youthful adventures. But don't worry — the remedy for all of the gaps in your knowledge is right here: Lomography’s Little Lessons on Photography. Follow this series and in no time you'll catch up on everything your curious mind desires!

  • Lomography's Little Lessons: Depth of Field

    written by jennifer_pos on 2015-04-10 in #gear #lifestyle #tipster
    Lomography's Little Lessons: Depth of Field

    Have you ever wondered why those nerdy camera constructors formulate complicated terms that baffle most normal citizens? Trust me, I know it all too well; Physics was the first subject to go when I had to choose between studying and spending yet another night pursuing youthful adventures. But don't worry — the remedy for all of the gaps in your knowledge is right here: Lomography’s Little Lessons on Photography. Follow this series and in no time you'll catch up on everything your curious mind desires!

    2
  • Shop News

    Lomo'Instant Reykjavik Edition

    Lomo'Instant Reykjavik Edition

    The latest addition to the Lomo’Instant family! Inspired by the Icelandic midnight sky, Get endless creativity, take multiple exposed instant snapshots, experiment with long exposure and light painting shots!

  • Vicuna's Travel Stories | Burkina Faso: The Land of Upright People

    written by vicuna on 2015-09-30 in #world #lifestyle
    Vicuna's Travel Stories | Burkina Faso: The Land of Upright People

    When someone asks me why I love Burkina Faso so much and what's so special about it, I answer without any hesitation: the people. There's something in this country that connects the people together very strongly. Here, foreign visitors are warmly welcomed. And honestly, I think that the portraits I'm most proud of and that I really love are those shot in Burkina Faso. "Why," you ask?

    11
  • Vintage Gallery: The Pictorialist Work of Rudolf Dührkoop

    written by lomographymagazine on 2015-08-22 in #world #lifestyle
    Vintage Gallery: The Pictorialist Work of Rudolf Dührkoop

    From amateur to internationally exhibited photographer: Rudolf Dührkoop’s trajectory was aligned to the Pictorialist credo of artistic effort. The movement aimed to make photography more valuable through the practice of complex techniques. Dührkoop himself studied photogravure, which made some of his prints more tonal and charcoal-like.

  • 50 Electrifying Light Paintings From The Lomography Community

    written by tomas_bates on 2015-08-17 in #gear #news
    50 Electrifying Light Paintings From The Lomography Community

    Light Painting is a cool technique that we love to do when we're in the mood for experimenting with photos. It's super easy and fun, and it only requires a dark room, a friend or two to collaborate with, a camera with long exposure mode and a light painting tool to get started. Check out 50 of the most vibrant light painting photos taken by your fellow Lomographers after the cut!

    5
  • Shop News

    Start to Get Wide with Horizon Kompakt

    Start to Get Wide with Horizon Kompakt

    Prepare your overwhelming panoramic views and capture them with this ultra-wide panoramic 35mm gear. Start sharing your great memories with family and friends the analog way!

  • The Instant Project

    written by suizidekid on 2015-06-23 in #world #lifestyle
    The Instant Project

    It was a cold and cloudy winter day in 2012 when I came up with the idea of compiling photographs of people's faces. I decided that the most personal way to do it is through instant shots. They are one of a kind and you immediately have something in your hands.

    17
  • Conquering a Photographer's Fear: Shooting in the Streets

    written by lomographymagazine on 2015-10-12 in #world #tipster
    Conquering a Photographer's Fear: Shooting in the Streets

    It goes without saying that street photography is one of the most exciting and fulfilling practices a photographer can do. But for some, especially the beginners, the prospect of hitting the streets can be a little daunting. Here, we dish out a few tips to help shake off anxiety.

    3
  • Pushing Boundaries: So I Heard You Like Multiple Exposures

    written by Amber Valentine on 2015-04-11 in #world #tipster
    Pushing Boundaries: So I Heard You Like Multiple Exposures

    My name is Amber Valentine and I have a confession to make: I’m not really a photographer. I have a website full of photographs, a bookshelf full of cameras, film waiting to be developed, and a wall full of framed pictures I’ve taken. Even so, I don’t really consider myself a photographer per se. I think that Lomography is more about the experimentation and the fun of film than it is about the photography, and that experimentation is part of the reason I have embraced Lomography so.

    3
  • Shop News

    Enjoy the Half-Frame or Square Format Images WIth Diana Mini Double Rainbow at Discounted Price!!

    Enjoy the Half-Frame or Square Format Images WIth Diana Mini Double Rainbow at Discounted Price!!

    Enjoy half-frame or square format images of Diana Mini Double Rainbow with designs inspired by Tara McPherson! Now available at discounted price!

  • Lomography Day Trips: Hangzhou, Zheijang, China

    written by Alexandra Pillet on 2015-08-10 in #world #locations
    Lomography Day Trips: Hangzhou, Zheijang, China

    Located in the Zhejiang province, Hangzhou is known as one of the most beautiful cities in China. I went there following my aunt’s advice. She studied calligraphy in Hangzhou Arts University (杭州美术大学) and told me, "When I sat by the lake, I just understood Chinese painters. They painted what they see, not less."

  • Bluescale: Redscale's Cool Cousin

    written by poglad on 2015-09-06 in #gear #tipster
    Bluescale: Redscale's Cool Cousin

    Redscale photography is a popular technique that yields dramatic images of red and yellow by exposing color negative film back-to-front. Now meet bluescale, a simple way to achieve striking cyan photographs.

    12
  • Get a Free Spinner 360° Motorizer When You Buy a Spinner 360° Camera!

    written by shhquiet on 2015-06-06 in #gear #news
    Get a Free Spinner 360° Motorizer When You Buy a Spinner 360° Camera!

    Enjoy shooting amazing 360-degree photographs with the Spinner 360° Camera! It gets even better when you pair it with the Spinner 360° Motorizer - a cool accessory that allows you to shoot from afar and in low-light situations. Get it free when you buy the Spinner 360° until 14th June only!

    3