Double Your Pleasure: Multiple Exposures with Color and Shadow

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A lot of people like multiples but are never satisfied with the output enough to shoot them more consistently. I want to talk about how double exposures work and what you can look for.

Death Rays Descend Upon Black Birds

I could give you a load of reasons why I love multiple exposures:

  • It’s not that organized.
  • It’s like a gambling addiction. It’s like X-mas/Hanukkah/Kwanzaa. It’s like a blind date.
  • You know what your heart is asking for. You know what your eye wants to see. You know what you want those spinning fruits should look like after you pull the metal arm using your last quarter.
  • You don’t know till you see it from the film lab. There is a surprise in Multiple Exposures that no other photography gives you.

More importantly:

I want to shoot what isn’t there. What’s in our minds. Melding images together the way our memories come to us. Not clear, sharp, individual pictures, but thoughts and emotions bleeding into each other tangentially. When you remember a party, you don’t remember a single picture of everyone dancing in the living room. You remember the soft but dirty couch you sat on, the ugly chandelier that lit the room, a tree you stared at while sharing a cigarette outside, that one really funny guy you met while waiting in line at the keg, the hallway to the bathroom you walked down too many times, a cleaver door mat and that tattoo on that girl’s back you couldn’t stop staring at all night. It all melds together into one impression.

That’s what Multiple Exposures can do that singles can’t. Capture life the way you remember it and not the way it happened.

Power Slide

I had a sit down with some folks in the Lomo Collective of Austin a while ago – They were interested in taking better multiple exposure shots. I hadn’t realized what I knew versus what other photographers knew about it. I’ve only shot film for two years and 80% has been multiple exposures. It’s the medium I prefer. In talking with these folks, I began to understand what I have come to know, from my trial and error, about what does and doesn’t work for multiple exposures.

Once again, I am no expert. I haven’t taken classes or had a chance to work with a mentor. I’d welcome that, but it hasn’t happened yet. I do think I have a darn good grasp on the subject. Part of it comes naturally to me and part of it is from shooting consistently to see what the outcome is. I know how to make the accidents happen.

Carnival John

Here are a few of the things we discussed and what advice I was able to offer.

Film needs light

What? Of course film needs light. But here is what I’m getting at. On an exposure, if the first shot has solid contrast between light and dark, like a silhouette, then you end up with spots on the negative that haven’t gotten any love. It’s empty. So what happens on the next exposure? You have a negative space to fill. The rest of the shot has already left its impression.

The Taste of Failure

Here we can see inside the mouth, through the red lips and in the dark space by the cheek. We can’t see through the face, as it is white.

So shadows and darker colors are your friends when it comes to doubles. Shooting two bright objects that have a lot of white, yellow, lime green, or just blazing sunlight will end up competing for dominance and both will lose.

Darker Colors are your friend

When you double your shots you need to decide what you want to be your primary focus. You can blend two images together or use one as a texture. Either way, if you shoot bright yellows, whites, light blues, pastel colors; you will have those colors come through more. Dark blues, greens, reds, browns, and grays; will be muted and lend their textures and form more than a true solid image.

Standing in the Cloud Parking Lot

A great example and favorite subject of mine is asphalt. Streets and parking lots with a nice dark blacktop make for awesome doubles. You can capture parking stripes and a lot of rough texture from these. It depends on how much light you let in on the second exposure. In the photo above I shot with Fuji Provia 100. I shot both exposures at 200 iso. If I had wanted more texture from the parking lot, I would have snagged the sunset at 800 iso. What makes this possible is the small amount of light the asphalt is reflecting back at the lens. Of course, the parking stripes were white, so they showed up without an issue.

Yellow vs Red

Bearrow Head

In this shot above, you can clearly see the bear through the red colors of the arrow head. The parts that fall into the yellow zone are much harder to see. Yellow reflects a great deal more light than red. So while I used a yellow flash on the wall with the arrowhead painted on it, the white paint reflected the yellow and the red didn’t bounce much back. So when the bear gets put in the second shot it comes through the red color while the yellow has already blown out the section of film.

Black VS Red Dots

Erica Stood Up

The photo above is great example of black sucking up light. I shot this wall during an overcast day. It was painted a matte black with red polka dots. I shot the whole roll at different angles and distances. It was 400 iso film and I shot at 800. Then, that night, I shot Erica at 400 iso using my Colorsplash flash. The red dots stay put while the black fades away and fills up with the 2nd exposure. Red is still a forgiving color, though, and let Erica come through those sections as well.

Building vs Road Stripe

Just Say No To Big Buildings

This is a good example of texture but no color from asphalt. The building was well lit and the parking lot stripe is the only color that remains from the first exposure.

Maroon Padlocked Door VS Indian Statue

A Dismissal Long Time Coming

A silhouette can do you a lot of favors. Shooting into the light to capture a shadow or silhoette can give you a lot of negative space to work with. The door and padlock show up more in the Indian shadow than in the sky. The white sign stands out prominently, as it is reflecting more light.

Creating Spaces for Doubles

I use Negative space a lot in my studio. I have a whole corner of my room covered in black felt to stop any light from bouncing back from my flash. What I end up with is a roll of a friend or model surrounded by negative space. I can reload the roll, where I marked it and shoot all sorts of textures around them. Here are some examples of my in studio work with the black felt walls.

So you can really create an ideal environment for doubles with friends with a black sheet or a quick trip to the craft store for felt.

Exposure To Light

Folks have written about this before. You always walk the line between great multiple exposures and a blown out shot. Most of my doubles work is done on a camera with an ISO or aperture control. I generally use the LC-A+ or my Petri Color 35. When you shoot doubles, you want to shoot 1 stop down. That’s a minimum. On my LC-A+ I will shoot subjects one stop down and my textures 2 stops down. So Provia 100 would have the subject shot at the 200 iso setting and the texture at 400 iso. I shoot on slide film, for the most part and it is less forgiving of over exposure. Color negative film will love you a lot more and allow for more leeway. So if you are just starting out, use C-41 film to get used to multiple exposures. Once you have a better handle on colors and light sources, move on to the pretty colors of xpro slide film.

Shots done at the films rating:

C-41 – Mitsubishi MX-iii 400

Sixty Burst

E6 – Kodak Elite Chrome 100

Repubrick

Shots done one or two stops down from films rating:

C-41 – Agfacolor Portrait XPS 160 shot at 320 for the City Hall and 640 for the rocks

Things Get Rocky For City Hall

E6 – Fuji Sensia 200 shot at 400 for Frost building and 800 for the Landing Strip

Frost Building Landing Strip

Current Conclusions

Ignore everything I’ve said! Everything I learned came from trial and error. Some of it is right, some of it is just guess work. If it works for you too, go for it! This isn’t law. Don’t operate within the borders of what others tell you is possible. It is only through experimentation that we stretch the concepts and possibilities of analogue photography. Take what works for you and discard the rest. Now go out and shoot. While your out there, multiply the possible outcomes with multiple exposures. Good luck and go get ‘em!

See more photos and read more by Cameron on his Lomohome, website and blog

Want to learn more about the analogue future? Head to the Microsite, take part in our Shoot Your Prophecy Competition and download the Future is Analogue posters!

written by lomo-camkage on 2011-03-30 in #lifestyle #twice #lomography #multiple #look #prophecies #analogue #future #shadow #lc-a-top-tipster #exposure #double #pleasure #color

44 Comments

  1. orangeuke
    orangeuke ·

    Great detail Love it!

  2. susielomovitz
    susielomovitz ·

    THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR THIS AMAZING POST!!!

  3. rudemuinho
    rudemuinho ·

    Great!

  4. adi_totp
    adi_totp ·

    thanks for sharing :D

  5. sandkorn
    sandkorn ·

    great article!

  6. disasterarea
    disasterarea ·

    awesome article

  7. zonderbar
    zonderbar ·

    really cool! thanks for sharing this with us

  8. squamy
    squamy ·

    Wow! Amazing photos and a great article! Thanks for sharing! :D

  9. elletra
    elletra ·

    fantastic photos and super informative! very glad I read this!!!

  10. minty_
    minty_ ·

    amazing! so much helpful stuff in this article.

  11. minty_
    minty_ ·

    amazing! so much helpful stuff in this article.

  12. gatokinetik-o
    gatokinetik-o ·

    Thanks i love all the tips here!

  13. britterzb
    britterzb ·

    Easy to understand and written perfectly!

  14. atreyuthechild
    atreyuthechild ·

    Great techniques. It's amazing how we're unaware of what we know until we actually stop and share ideas/tips. I've been racking my brains over doubles for ages now so I'm definitely gonna give this a shot.

  15. jojo8785
    jojo8785 ·

    Fantastic article and great shots! I love doubles!!

  16. fash_on
    fash_on ·

    great article, just what I needed :)

  17. myvitaminx
    myvitaminx ·

    gr8 pics!

  18. aprilia
    aprilia ·

    Amazing photos! So beautiful! Thankyou for sharing :)

  19. eva_eva
    eva_eva ·

    this is absolutely lovely! :D

  20. sfarjoud
    sfarjoud ·

    LOVE IT!

  21. nigelk
    nigelk ·

    Fantastic article. Thank you for sharing your experiences with us. I know this will help many of us with our double exposures.

  22. pablodelacruz
    pablodelacruz ·

    Nicely done! Thanks a lot.

  23. mylatehope
    mylatehope ·

    A great read, thanks!

  24. dianalerias
    dianalerias ·

    This info is great, thank you for sharing!

  25. pzjo
    pzjo ·

    Overall -brilliant

  26. olive-tea
    olive-tea ·

    very well explained and excellent photos!

  27. originalslicey
    originalslicey ·

    Thanks for a great article. Nice tips and lovely photos.

  28. glenn
    glenn ·

    excellent

  29. ocit
    ocit ·

    wow

  30. russheath
    russheath ·

    Awesome article, thanks so much!

  31. jblaze823
    jblaze823 ·

    Fantastic write up, really appreciate you sharing what you have learned. Now it is time for me to go play around!!!!

  32. mephisto19
    mephisto19 ·

    very good article

  33. stouf
    stouf ·

    Quite impressive ! Even excellent !

  34. marshall4480
    marshall4480 ·

    Great article man.

  35. jackal-
    jackal- ·

    Thanks.

  36. charrington4
    charrington4 ·

    Thank you very much for this article.

  37. eljanito
    eljanito ·

    I don't like it... I love it!

  38. snow_963
    snow_963 ·

    awesome awesome advice!!!

  39. lenn
    lenn ·

    one of the best articles (maybe THE best?) i've read here, thank you! =)

  40. etxenike
    etxenike ·

    Very good advise! Just what I was looking for. Thank you!!!

  41. deepfried_goodness
    deepfried_goodness ·

    This is one of the most useful articles for how I shoot I've read on here to date. Great job!

  42. ihave2pillows
    ihave2pillows ·

    goodstuff!

  43. kmcburnie
    kmcburnie ·

    Thanks so much for such detail about this subject. I've been looking for a way to do this for awhile with better results than just a few half-ass good ones. Thanks!

  44. sebavi
    sebavi ·

    2years later and still a great article, finally one that's easy to understand!

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