Lomopedia: Minolta X-700

Introduced in 1981, the Minolta x-700 is considered as the most popular and top of the line model among Minolta's manual focus body cameras. Find out more about this impressive 35mm SLR camera in this installment of Lomopedia!

Driven by the success of the low-priced Canon AE-1, Minolta followed suit and introduced the X-700 in 1981, a mid-range 35mm SLR camera that became their top manual focus SLR model, and the last to be released prior to the introduction of the auto-focus Minolta Maxxum 7000. The X-700 had the basic metal-encased plastic body of the Minolta XG-M with electronically stepless speeds, but also fitted with full program auto-exposure (Program AE or “P”) aside from the camera’s aperture priority AE (“A”) and metered manual modes. All three modes can be used with the Minolta MD lenses, and the aperture priority and manual modes can be used with MC and other Minolta lenses. Other notable features include through-the-lens (TTL) flash metering, exposure lock, interchangeable focusing screens.

As a testament of its impressive performance, the Minolta X-700 was given the first “European Camera of the Year” award by the European Imaging and Sound Association in 1982.

Photo via Photo Club Alpha

Technical Specifications:

  • Type: Electronically governed 35mm single-lens reflex AE camera
  • Exposure-control modes: Fully programmed (“P”), aperture-priority automatic (“A”), and metered manual (“M”)
  • Lens mount: Minolta SLR bayonet of integrally lubricated stainless steel (54-degree rotating angle); coupling for full-aperture metering, finder display input, and automatic diaphragm control, providing programmed or aperture-priority auto operation with Minolta MD lenses, aperture-priority auto operation with MC and other Minolta SLR interchangeable lenses/accessories; spring-return button for depth-of-field preview or stop-down meter readings with other than MD or MC lenses (standard lenses: MD 50mm f/1.2, f/1.4, f/1.7)
  • Exposure control and function: Low-voltage, low-current computer circuit incorporating quartz crystal for sequential control to 1/30,000-sec. accuracy, large scale ICs, samarium-cobalt impulse-release magnets, and linear-resistance inputs, varies both aperture and shutter speed steplessly according to special “faster-speed” program in P mode, or varies shutter speed steplessly according to aperture set in A mode, to yield proper exposure for the film speed and exposure adjustment set; auto-exposure range: EV 1 to EV 18 (e.g., 1 sec. at f/1.4 to lens; AE-lock device holds meter reading for exposure at that value regardless of subject-brightness changes
  • Shutter: Horizontal-traverse focal-plane type electronically controlled stepless speeds 1/1000 to 4 sec. set automatically with endlessly rotatable selector dial locked at “P” or “A” setting or fixed speeds 1 to 1/1000 sec. or “B” (bulb) set manually at detented dial indications; electromagnetic shutter release locks when voltage too low for proper operation
  • Metering: TTL center-weighted averaging type by silicon photocell mounted at rear of pentaprism for available light, measured full aperture for normal finder display, then at taking aperture for programmed/automatic-exposure setting/determination or stop-down display; by another SPC mounted with optic inside of mirror compartment for TTL off-film Direct Autoflash Metering at taking aperture during exposure to control burst duration of PX-series flash units
  • Film-speed range: ISO 25/15 degrees to 1600/33 degrees set by ASA dial that locks at 1/3-EV increments
  • Exposure-adjustment control: Up to +2 EV continuous adjustment of P, A, or M exposure by dial that locks at zero position and each 1/2-EV setting
  • Mirror: Triple-coated oversize instant-return slide-up type
  • Viewfinder: Eye-level fixed pentaprism type
  • Flash sync and control: Hot shoe and PC terminal for X sync; camera-control contact on hot shoe for flash-ready signaling and automatic setting of shutter at 1/60 sec. (except when mode/shutter speed selector set for sync at “B”) with PX and X flash units; other electronic units synchronize at 1/60 sec. and slower manual speeds or “B” setting; Class MF, M, and FB flashbulbs, at 1/15 sec. or slower settings; second contact on hot shoe for burst control by Direct Autoflash Metering with PX units
  • Film advance: Manual by lever with single 130-degree stroke after 30-degrees unengaged movement; motorized through built-in coupler key with accessory Motor Drive 1 or Auto Winder G; release button for rewind on camera bottom; advancing-type frame counter; Safe Load Signal indicates film loading and advancing condition
  • Power: Two 1.5V alkaline manganese (LR44: Eveready A-76 or equivalent), two 1.55V silver-oxide (SR44: Eveready S-76, EPX-76, or equivalent, or one EV lithium (CR-1/3N) cell(s) contained in camera base power both programmed/auto exposure control and manual operation
    Self-timer: Electronic for 10-sec. delay, with operation indicated by camera-front LED that blinks at 2Hz for 8 sec. then 8Hz for 1 sec., then remains on until shutter releases, plus simultaneous audible indication when main switch in appropriate position; engaged by switch on body, cycle started by pushing operating button, cancelable anytime before release
  • Other: Audible 4Hz piezoelectric warning when finder speed indication is 1/30 sec or slower whenever finger contacts “touch switch” normally or presses operating button slightly with main switch appropriately set; integral front handgrip; detachable back with integral handgrip, memo holder, and ISO (DIN-ASA) table; positive 4-slot take-up spool, remote shutter-release socket
  • Size and weight: 51.5 × 89 × 137 mm (2 × 3-1/2 × 5-3/8 in.) 505g (17-13/16 oz) without lens and/or power cells
  • Standard accessories: Carrying strap with slide-on spare battery holder and eyepiece cap
  • Optional accessories: Auto Electroflash 360PX, 280PX, 132PX, Macro 80PX Set, off-camera cables and connectors, Power Grip 2, etc.; Multi-Function Back, Quartz Data Back 1; Motor Drive 1, Auto Winder G; Wireless Controller IR-1 Set; MD, MC, and other Minolta interchangeable lenses and applicable Minolta SLR system accessories
Credits: fotoflix, ma-riechen, vandal, ethermoon, snapcracklepop, anne-lina, laurasulilly, chtiman, lomolta & cryboy

Check out the reviews of our fellow lomographers below to learn more about this SLR camera:

The Fantastic Minolta X-700
Minolta X-700: My Favorite 35mm SLR
The Minolta X-700: A 35mm Reflex Dream

All information for this article were sourced from Camerapedia, Wikipedia, CameraManuals.org, and mir.com.my.

written by plasticpopsicle on 2014-04-10 in #reviews

More Interesting Articles

  • Lomopedia: Minolta XG-E

    written by plasticpopsicle on 2014-05-12 in #reviews
    Lomopedia: Minolta XG-E

    Another trusty 35mm SLR camera from the late 1970s, the Minolta XG-E was the first model in the XG series produced by Minolta until the early 1980s. Find out more about this analogue beauty in this installment of Lomopedia!

  • Lomopedia: Agfamatic 6008

    written by plasticpopsicle on 2014-04-24 in #reviews
    Lomopedia: Agfamatic 6008

    The top of the line model of Agfa's 110 camera line, the Agfamatic 6008 was introduced in the late 1970s and became popular among compact camera fans for its great features. Find out more about this compact snapper in this installment of Lomopedia!

  • Lomopedia: Leica R3

    written by plasticpopsicle on 2014-04-16 in #reviews
    Lomopedia: Leica R3

    Introduced in the late 1970s, the Leica R3 was a 35mm SLR camera developed by Leica in partnership with Minolta. Find out more about this elegant model in Leica's SLR camera line in this installment of Lomopedia!

    1
  • Shop News

    Petzval Buddies

    Petzval Buddies

    Petzval lens are designed for a Canon or Nikon SLR mounts and a selection of brass or black for each camera brand is available in our stores. And start shooting with images full of sharpness, crispness and bokeh effects!

  • Lomopedia: Minolta Hi-Matic

    written by plasticpopsicle on 2014-03-25 in #reviews
    Lomopedia: Minolta Hi-Matic

    The first model in Minolta's long-running series of 35mm rangefinder cameras, the original Hi-Matic from the early 1960s is a historic analogue beauty in more ways than one. Find out what catapulted this camera to stardom during its heydays in this installment of Lomopedia!

    5
  • Lomopedia: Yashica FX-1

    written by plasticpopsicle on 2014-05-09 in #reviews
    Lomopedia: Yashica FX-1

    A 35mm SLR camera offered by Yashica in the mid-1970s, the FX-1 was considered as a transition camera for sharing some features with earlier models and the FR series launched later. Find out more about this simple yet dependable analogue snapper in this installment of Lomopedia!

    1
  • Lomopedia: Voigtlander Bessa-T

    written by plasticpopsicle on 2014-04-01 in #reviews
    Lomopedia: Voigtlander Bessa-T

    A handsome model from the Voigtlander revival cameras, the Bessa-T was introduced by Cosina in 2001 and supplemented the previous Bessa-L model. Find out more about this interesting 35mm rangefinder camera in this installment of Lomopedia!

  • Shop News

    Try the LomoLAB Development Service!

    Try the LomoLAB Development Service!

    Whatever kind of film development you're after, you'll find it here! Now you can confidently shoot from the hip without having to worry where to develop those film rolls!

  • Lomopedia: Petri 7s

    written by plasticpopsicle on 2014-04-03 in #reviews
    Lomopedia: Petri 7s

    Made and introduced in 1962, the Petri 7s is a 35mm rangefinder camera that featured several important improvements from the previous model. Find out more about this analogue beauty from the 1960s in this installment of Lomopedia!

  • Lomopedia: Voigtlander Bessa R2A

    written by plasticpopsicle on 2014-04-15 in #reviews
    Lomopedia: Voigtlander Bessa R2A

    Introduced in 2004, the Bessa R2A and R3A are 35mm autoexposure rangefinder cameras that belong to Cosina's line of Voigtlander revival cameras. Find out more about these luxurious-looking analogue rangefinder snappers in this installment of Lomopedia!

    2
  • Lomopedia: Olympus OM2000

    written by plasticpopsicle on 2014-04-02 in #reviews
    Lomopedia: Olympus OM2000

    The last OM body produced by Olympus, the Olympus OM2000 was released in 1997. Despite the OM series being a popular line, this particular model did not fare well with Olympus fans. Find out why in this installment of Lomopedia!

    2
  • Shop News

    Diana Mini and Flash Petite Noire at 25% off

    Diana Mini and Flash Petite Noire at 25% off

    At 25% off you can take dreamy 35mm images with this little black beauty. Beam coloured light into your shots with its accompanying Diana Flash Back accessory and be the analogue king of the night.

  • Lomopedia: Icarex 35

    written by plasticpopsicle on 2014-05-11 in #reviews
    Lomopedia: Icarex 35

    An interesting 35mm SLR camera from the late 1960s and early 1970s, the Icarex 35 was the first model of the Icarex line produced by Zeiss Ikon with another well-known camera maker. Find out which in this installment of Lomopedia!

  • Lomopedia: Fujica G690

    written by plasticpopsicle on 2014-03-19 in #reviews
    Lomopedia: Fujica G690

    Another impressive analogue beauty from Fujifilm, the Fujica G690 was the Japanese camera company's first medium format rangefinder camera introduced in 1968. Find out more about this landmark rangefinder camera from Fuji in this installment of Lomopedia!

    2
  • Lomopedia: Olympus mju

    written by plasticpopsicle on 2014-03-10 in #reviews
    Lomopedia: Olympus mju

    If you're a fan of analogue compact cameras, we're sure you've come across the Olympus mju series. Find out more about the first model of this highly-successful and lauded line in this installment of Lomopedia!

    2