The thick fog makes these old black and white photos feel just a little more eerie, don’t you think so?
The London that we know today is one of the most highly-urbanized and beautiful metropolises in the world. But as late as a little over fifty years ago fog regularly hovered over the city, often rendering its citizens almost immobile and thereby unable to accomplish their daily tasks. Fog has even become synonymous with London, so much so that it was even christened with names like “pea-soupers” and “London particular.”
But between December 5 and 9, 1952, London suffered a major air pollution disaster called _The Great Smog of London_. It was said to have been caused by the cold and windless weather worsened by emissions from burning coals by people trying to keep warm and the operation of many coal-fired power stations, as well as pollution and smoke emitted by vehicles, among other factors. The conditions then were so bad that thousands of people died while hundreds of thousands more became sick due to lung infection. Due to almost zero visibility, public transportation was brought to a standstill and both outdoor and indoor events were canceled.
The implementation of the Clean Air Act of 1956 was a direct result of this unfortunate event. A number of other environment-related laws have been passed, too, in the aftermath of the Great Smog.
All information in this article were sourced from Wikipedia.
Further reading: The Great Smog of 1952, How the Guardian reported on London's Great Smog of 1952, and The Great Smog of London: the air was thick with apathy. See more black and white photos of old London covered in smog here