Stanley Kubrick is regarded as one of the greatest and widely influential filmmakers of all time. He is known not only for his work as a film director and screenwriter, but also for his cinematographic expertise that enable him to create visually distinct and beguiling masterpieces.
Stanley Kubrick was born on July 26, 1928 in Bronx, New York to Jacques Leonard Kubrick, a doctor, and his wife, Sadie Gertrude. The young Stanley was considered rather bookish, and relatively unattached to the occurrences in his neighborhood. His father taught him to play chess at 12, a game he became personally fond of and was incorporated in the scenes of some of his films. His father bought him a Graflex camera when he was 13, which prompted his inclination for photography.
Kubrick became an apprentice photographer for Look Magazine in 1946, which would pave the way for a full time position as a staff photographer. He married his high school sweetheart, Toba Metz, two years after. The couple lived in Greenwich Village and during this time, the would-be film director indulged in film screenings at the Museum of Modern art and at New York’s cinemas. The work of directors Max Ophulus and Elia Kazan greatly inspired Kubrick.
Stanley Kubrick’s filmmaking career began when he made short documentaries in 1951. His first feature film was Fear and Desire (1953), a low-budget production that tells the story of soldiers trapped within enemy lines during a fictitious war. It was followed by the film noir Killer’s Kiss in 1955. Kubrick’s first full-length feature, The Killing, (1956) is noted for its non-linear narrative, a style that would have major influence on later directors.
Paths of Glory (1953) would again manifest Kubrick’s affinity for war-related projects. The film is based on an antiwar novel by Humphrey Cobb.
By the 1960’s it was pretty evident that Kubrick would be one prolific filmmaker. Spartacus (1968), Lolita (1962), Dr. Strangelove (1962), and 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), are some of the most unforgettable films of all time. Kubrick created further milestones in the years that would follow: A Clockwork Orange (1971), Barry Lyndon (1975), The Shining (1980), Full Metal Jacket (1987), and his last project, Eyes Wide Shut (1999).
Eyes Wide Shut was released in July 1999, a few months after the demise of its director.
Stanley Kubrick died on March 7, 1999, only four days after screening of the final cut of Eyes Wide Shut. He died of natural causes at 70 years old.
Information for this article was sourced from Wikipedia.
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