The so-called forerunner of Lomography's Horizon Kompakt camera, the Horizon 202 in turn was a successor of a Soviet panoramic camera from the 1960's. Learn more about this fascinating swivel lens shooter after the jump!
Before the Lomography Horizon cameras, there was the Horizon S3 Pro, from which the Perfekt was based; and even before that, there was the Horizon 202, the successor of the older Horizont and from which the Kompakt was based. But, according to camera experts, the Soviets developed panoramic cameras from as far back as the late 1950s, the most popular from the period being the KMZ FT-2. Here’s a quick timeline:
1958 – 1965: KMZ FT-2
1967 – 1973: Horizont
1991 – 2003: Horizon 202
2003: Horizon S3 Pro
2005: Horizon Perfekt, Horizon Kompakt
Going back to the Horizon 202, the most common version was manufactured by the Krasnogorsky Mechanichesky Zavod (KMZ) — best known for being the maker of Zorki and Zenit cameras — from 1991 to 2003 in Russia as a successor of the older Horizont. Some cite 1989 as the year when the earliest version was made. As with its predecessor, the Horizon 202 takes 24 × 58 mm panoramic photos on standard 35mm film. While not exactly a classic camera, it’s regarded worthy of mention for its improved features such as additional three slow speeds, a lighter ABS plastic body, and built-in viewfinder on the center of the top plate.
- Frame Size: 24 × 58 mm
- Film used: 35mm, perforated
- Length of film in cassette: 1.65 m
- Number of frames: 22
- Shutter Speeds: 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250 s
- Eyepiece magnification: 0.4x
- Field of view: 110° x 44°
- Standard Lens: MC 2.8/28
- Focal Length: 28mm
- Maximum relative aperture: f/2.8
- Angular field of the lens: 120° x 45°
- Tripod bush thread: 1/4"
- Level accuracy: 5°
- Overall dimensions: 117.5 × 146 × 73 mm
- Mass: 0.9 kg
Keep an eye out for the next installments on the other Horizon cameras!
Visit lumieresenboite.com, Horizon (camera) on Wikipedia, Horizont on camera-wiki.org, Horizon 202 on alfredklomp.com, and Lomography's Horizon Microsite for more information. You can also download the manual for Horizon 202 to learn more about this Soviet camera.