Alternative Developer: Red Wine


Some of you have tested the development of Black and White Films with instant coffee, called Coffenol. Alternatively, you can also develop the film with red wine. This process is called "Winol".

my shopping

I like to read the new magazine PhotoKlassik. For those who don’t know about this magazine, it is a German magazine for current analogue photography. There are cameras introduced, given tips for building your own darkroom, and more! You can often read articles about products from Lomography. I’ve recently bought the issue for the second quarter and an article made ​​me curious. Alchemy – Alternative developers. It describes in detail how to develop black and white films without chemicals (except for the fixer). There is the already known Coffenol development. The development Coffenol and Winol are very similar!

You will need:

  • 500ml red wine
  • 50g washing soda (anhydrous)
  • 2g vitamin c powder
  • 0,5g potassium bromide (optional)
  • fixer

With the “ingredients” you need to consider a few things. The red wine can be the cheapest one from the supermarket. The washing soda is sodium carbonate, a fine white powder (I filled it in a mason jar) and the vitamin C. You should not use a vitamin C effervescent tablet. These contain other substances which may interfere with the development. I found pure vitamin C powder (Ascorbic acid) in the drugstore for less money. The you have the option of adding potassium bromide or not. I came by my chemistry teacher for a small amount of potassium bromide. The next time I will not use potassium, to see whether there is a difference.
NOTE: When using potassium bromide, the developer must be disposed of properly (disposal site, recycling center)! Not simply poured down the sink.

And here we go. I exposed a Ilford FP4+ (35mm) with my Lubitel 166U and wound it into the developer can at home. Then I mixed the ingredients in the kitchen together.

I weighed the soda, vitamin and potassium bromide with the balance and put this into a large measuring cup, where in which I have previously measured 500ml of red wine. I stirred until everything has dissolved completely. A few lumps are formed, which I filtered out with a sieve.

And now the fun begins!

The stinking developer is now poured into the developer tank. Tilt the tank one minute back and forth. After each additional minute you have to tilt it three times and this is for 44 minutes.

When the 45 minutes are up, pour out the developer and water the film. The water replaces the stop bath. I filled lukewarm water into the tank, tilted 5x, changed the water, tilted 10x, changed the water again and tilted 20×.

Now you need the only chemical during the whole development and that is the fixer. I’ve used FIX-Ag. The information how you need to dilute the concentrate and how long you need to tilt the tank is on the bottle.
If the fixing time is over, pour out the fixer and it follows a final wash to remove chemical residues.


Here are my results:

Credits: brommi

Soon I will try Tenol, the development with black tea!

Have fun!

written by brommi on 2013-04-25 in #gear #tipster #soda #potassium-bromide #analogue #lab-rat #development #alternative-developer #vitamin-c #winol #lab #b-w
translated by brommi


  1. sebavi
    sebavi ·

    this is so cool, i had no idea it could be done with red wine, might give it a shot in the future

  2. atria007
    atria007 ·

    lol cooooolll great results!!!!! then i will try to do it ..thanks Julian!!

  3. alburnkat
    alburnkat ·

    I do not drink and can not stand the smell of either coffee or wine, so I am very interested in seeing your upcoming Tipster on Tenol. Great result with the Winol!! Thanks for sharing.

  4. brommi
    brommi ·

    @sebavi @atria007 have fun! ;)
    @alburnkat thank you, too! Though the development with black tea is like winol and coffenol, it is a bit difficult! I still try it out to get better results! At the moment, the tenol-negatives are too dark!

  5. mafiosa
    mafiosa ·


  6. vicuna
    vicuna ·

    great results!

  7. teeerka
    teeerka ·

    Great idea!!! I have to try this! Great results :))

  8. crevans27
    crevans27 ·

    This is awesome! I will have to try this!

  9. brommi
    brommi ·

    @mafiosa @vicuna @teeerka @crevans27 Thank you very much :3

  10. gatokinetik-o
    gatokinetik-o ·

    DEfinitively, like the most of chilean people, i'm a lover of red wine... so... i'll try!!!! thanks for sharing the experience :D

  11. stonerfairy
    stonerfairy ·

    Great read!

  12. marcruinspants
    marcruinspants ·

    I'm new to the whole home-development stuff, what do you mean by tilt?

  13. brommi
    brommi ·

    @marcruinspants you have to move the tank up side down, and back, up side down, and back. That is 'to tilt something' ;)

More Interesting Articles

  • 12 Months, 12 Projects: March Of Caffenol

    written by Maaike van Stratum (@stratski) on 2015-04-12 in #world #lifestyle
    12 Months, 12 Projects: March Of Caffenol

    My list of resolutions for 2015 consists of 12 projects, one for every month. March was for caffenol. You have probably heard of the amazing fact that you can develop black and white photos with coffee, sodium, and vitamin C. I had tried this before but with less than stellar results. Somehow, there's always something going wrong. Time to devote a few rolls to caffenol to finally get the hang of it.

  • This Is What An LC-A Instant Looks Like

    written by shhquiet on 2015-04-01 in #gear #news
    This Is What An LC-A Instant Looks Like

    Anything can happen in an instant, right? This is also true with instant snapshots taken with the Lomo LC-A+ camera and LC-A Instant Back+ accessory. Here's a quick look at the bizarre, unpredictable world of LC-A+ Instants!

  • Perfect Combination for a Hazy Day: Lomo LC-A and a Pushed Ilford HP5+

    written by sirio174 on 2015-05-06 in #gear #reviews
    Perfect Combination for a Hazy Day: Lomo LC-A and a Pushed Ilford HP5+

    In this article, I'll show you how the Lomo LC-A loaded with the versatile Ilford HP5+ can make the most out of a hazy morning. To capture the whirlwind of a bicycle race, I pushed the film to ISO 800. The legendary Minitar 1 lens and this classic Ilford film are a perfect combination if you love black and white photos.

  • Shop News

    Additional Member of Diana F+ Family is Here!

    Additional Member of Diana F+ Family is Here!

    Snap your happy memories with the medium format Diana F+ Cortina! This special edition camera is a nod to fun winter holidays: snow-capped mountains, skiing and good times with friends and family!

  • Vintage Snapshots of Outdoor Playtime

    written by K. Aquino on 2015-06-21 in #world #lifestyle
    Vintage Snapshots of Outdoor Playtime

    Some city-based parents feel wistful when they see their kids huddled in front of screens. There is nostalgia for tree climbing, hopscotch and bicycling. And why must children of today spend all their free time playing with zeroes and ones? This black and white gallery will inspire you to get the little ones out and about even just for the weekend.

  • 18 Awesome Belair X 6-12 Squares

    written by shhquiet on 2015-03-13 in #gear #news
    18 Awesome Belair X 6-12 Squares

    Having a Belair X 6-12 feels like owning more than just one camera. It's a medium-format camera, but paired with its special accessories you can shoot 35mm or instant photos with it, too! The versatility of its 3 photo formats also offers more options to suit your shooting needs. Here, we present to you some of the most gorgeous Belair X 6-12 photos in classic 6x6 format. Enjoy!

  • Petzval Amigo: Andrea Russo

    written by Lomography London on 2016-01-11 in #world #lomoamigos
    Petzval Amigo: Andrea Russo

    Andrej Russkovskij AKA Andrea Russo is an avid film photographer and active community member who has a soft spot for portraits, making him the quintessential Petzval Amigo. He recently tested the Petzval 85 Art Lens with different kinds of film, among them black and white, Velvia 50, Kodak Elitechrome and Fuji Superia 200.

  • Shop News

    Be Sharp and Get Accurate Shots!

    Be Sharp and Get Accurate Shots!

    Never go wrong with amount of light entering your lenses. Perfect for any photo shoots, very handy, lightweight and extremely versatile!

  • Lomography Singapore and Parallel Planets Present: 'Façades: Neo-Noir Portraits Exhibition'

    written by edwinchau on 2015-03-25 in #world #events #videos
    Lomography Singapore and Parallel Planets Present: 'Façades: Neo-Noir Portraits Exhibition'

    Lomography Singapore plays host to Parallel Planets’ first exhibition, "Façades: Neo-Noir Portraits Exhibition," featuring all-analog photography: a sea of black and white film portraits. This exhibition serves as a platform where both local and international photographers can express themselves by injecting individual perspectives into their craft. It also encourages viewers to look through the lens of the photographers, to see the subjects as who they are – flawed, alive, and breathing – and to also see beyond the façades we all choose to don.

  • Black and White Photography: The Forms of the World

    written by lomographymagazine on 2016-01-19 in #world #lifestyle
    Black and White Photography: The Forms of the World

    Colors may be amped to look unreal, like nothing of this world. Shots may be doubled, cross-processed, post-processed, mixed up into collages. The possibilities are infinite, yet some photographers still prefer black and white. Even in 2016, it is an ode to classic values of precision and balance. Light and shadow must be one pleasing dance. And just like in a well-choreographed piece, forms are obvious or playing coy. It all depends on how you're looking.

  • Newcomer of the Week: sandy-sun

    written by Eunice Abique on 2015-09-19 in #world #lifestyle
    Newcomer of the Week: sandy-sun

    Aside from developing his own black and white negatives, he also crafts pinhole cameras out of ordinary boxes. His dreamy, soft-focus lomographs even inspired some of the community members to go lens-less on their next photo shoot. Let's get to know more about our newcomer of the week from Sheffield, United Kingdom, sandy_sun!

  • Shop News

    Explore the New Jupiter 3+

    Explore the New Jupiter 3+

    A resurrection from the zenith of Russian premium optics, get the same elegance and classic compact design as its predecessor. — available in small quantities on a first-come, first-served basis.

  • The Lomo’Instant Splitzer: the Must-Have Slice and Dice Accessory!

    written by bgaluppo on 2015-03-06 in #gear #lifestyle
    The Lomo’Instant Splitzer: the Must-Have Slice and Dice Accessory!

    What exactly do I feel while waiting for my Lomo'Instant photos to be developed? I have to say I get a mix of "Surprise me, dear Lomo!" but also some "Did I capture it as I wanted?" kind of thought. No matter the school of thought, with the Splitzer you can add so many cool effects to your photos you'll definitely embrace it!

  • Angela Izzo on Shooting with the Diana Mini, Photographing Musicians, and Then Some

    written by Julien Matabuena on 2015-04-29 in #people #lifestyle
    Angela Izzo on Shooting with the Diana Mini, Photographing Musicians, and Then Some

    While many of us can only dream of working with musicians and photographing them, Angela Izzo's job entails exactly that. Apparently, this is a fulfillment of her own dream that she had when she was younger. In this interview, Izzo talks about her beginnings which, of course, included going to as many shows and festivals as she possibly can; some of her most memorable on-the-job-experiences with the likes of The Doors, Lykke Li, Jack White, Edward Sharpe and the Magnetic Zeros, and Chris Robinson Brotherhood; her inspirations and other interests; and her love for film photography and Diana Mini. And to those looking into fulfilling their own dreams of working in the same industry, Izzo also shares helpful advice based on her own experiences.

  • My First Lomo Affair: Sonjay and her Holga 120 CFN

    written by Eunice Abique on 2015-05-23 in #gear #lifestyle
    My First Lomo Affair: Sonjay and her Holga 120 CFN

    Sonja started her analog adventures during her teenage years. She took her first film photographs when she was 13 and has been in love with the magic of the process since. Her idea of a perfect day involves developing film rolls while listening to jazz and having a cup of tea in between. In this interview, she recalls about her experience with her first Lomography camera, a Holga 120 CFN.