If he were alive today, Louis Daguerre, one of the founders of photography, would have been 225 years old.
Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre was born in Cormeilles-en-Parisis, Val-d’Oise, France on November 18, 1787. He was a French artist and physicist recognized for the development of one of the earliest photographic processes, the Daguerreotype, as well as the invention of the Diorama.
He began his career as an artist, initially becoming an apprentice to the chief designer of the Paris Opera and then later under Pierre Prévost, the first French panoramic painter. By 1814, he had managed to exhibit his work and become a noted stage designer at his own right.
In the spring of 1821, Daguerre collaborated with Charles Bouton to create the Diorama, a theatrical means of entertainment where an audience are treated to a scene made of a large translucent canvas painted on both sides that would subtly transform with a slight play in light.
Daguerre would move on to create Dioramas for 17 years, making it one of his steady sources of income.
In 1829, Daguerre formed a partnership with Joseph-Nicéphore Niepce to develop a process to chemically fix images. Niepce died in 1833, but Daguerre continued with research and experimentation eventually leading to Daguerreotype, which would later go on and gain widespread popularity worldwide.
Daguerre retired to Bry-sur-Marne in 1840 and died of a heart attack on July 10, 1851. In his honor and memory, his name is inscribed on the Eiffel Tower along 71 other noted individuals.