Tiles from Portugal

3

Tiles are one of the strongest expressions of culture in Portugal, and one of the most original contributions of the genius of the Portuguese in universal culture. Learn more about it and see some photos after the break.

In Portugal, tile has far exceeded the mere utilitarian function or purpose of ornamental art and has attained the status of transcendent art as a poetic intervention in the creation of architecture and cities. The term tile means a piece of ceramic thickness, usually square, of which one side is glazed as a result of cooking a casing generally known as enamel, which is impervious and shiny. This face can be monochrome or polychrome, smooth or embossed.

Tile is often used in large numbers as a factor associated with surface coating architecture interior or exterior decoration or as isolated pieces. Tiles are part of historical events, mythological scenes, religious iconography, and also included in an extensive range of decorative elements (geometric, vegetal, etc.), applied to walls, floors and ceilings of palaces, gardens, religious buildings (churches, convents), housing, and public monuments.

In some companies, the tile is still manufactured entirely by hand, with only two moments of production that differ over the previous year. The first is when the tile, after drying and firing, is cut to 14cm in the machine, dried in 2 or 3 days, and cut with a knife, limavam stone, and batter. The second difference is that the oven used is no longer wood, but electric.

How to make a tile:

The clay is pressed with a roller in a ballast, a kind of board. The tile is then trimmed using a square plate and allowed to dry. Drying takes one to two months, the tiles are placed on shelves and slightly inclined so that after drying, they will have a tail light that will reflect the glass.

The clay is already dry and goes to a first baking oven. After cooking, we already have the laughing stock, and the baked clay is headed for glazing. The tile is placed on a support of wood. A tub is filled with glass and poured out on the tile. The tiles should be dried once again.

When the glaze is dry, the tile appears to have a white powder. It is the surface that is painted. The colors used in traditional Portuguese tiles are blue, maganes, yellow, and green. The tile is almost finished, just lacking the final cooking. Upon leaving the furnace, the semi-opaque yellowish spots reveal some ridicule (baked clay). The tile is then left to dry. When ready, the tile can form a panel. These are the steps in making a tile.

written by bongofury on 2012-05-03 in #lifestyle #art #portugal #analogue #bongofury #culture #tile

3 Comments

  1. cpolpa
    cpolpa ·

    Great article!!

  2. saidseni
    saidseni ·

    :)

  3. catarella
    catarella ·

    great!

More Interesting Articles

  • Still Life Photography with Lomography Color Negative Film

    written by lomographymagazine on 2015-06-05 in #world #lifestyle
    Still Life Photography with Lomography Color Negative Film

    A vacation is a trove of vibrant objects: the countertop of sublime-looking drinks, the mosaic tiles that line an Olympic-sized pool, the nautical stripes of beach chairs. We remember in detail, and photography is our way to anticipate what we will catalog long after the break is over. This Lomography Color Negative gallery celebrates the still life wonders of these dreamy holidays.

  • Win Tickets for Melt! Festival in Germany

    written by petit_loir on 2015-06-29 in #world #competitions #videos
    Win Tickets for Melt! Festival in Germany

    There is nothing more refreshing than escaping one's everyday life for to unpack a camping tent and spend a wonderful weekend with friends for a few days during summer. Some of the coolest festivals are calling and there's a special one in Germany that is a must-see in July: Melt! festival. Win two tickets for this spectacular event to be held from July 17 to 19. Show us your most beautiful festival moments.

  • Newcomer of the Week: treizedeath

    written by Eunice Abique on 2015-08-02 in #world #lifestyle #videos
    Newcomer of the Week: treizedeath

    Séverin Boonne considers photography as his most intimate way of expression. Aside from revealing things about himself, creating images with his trusty cameras helps calm his nerves and keeps him relaxed. In this interview, our newcomer of the week from France talks more about his humble beginnings, passion for shooting film, and more.

    3
  • Shop News

    Give your space a facelift with your own analogue print

    Give your space a facelift with your own analogue print

    Really want to bring your film photos to life? We’re now offering totally analogue fine art prints in a host of large sizes and formats! Carefully enlarged from your negatives onto premium photographic paper by lab professionals, each picture is a unique piece of craftsmanship.

  • 10 Films We’d Like to See at Cannes 2015

    written by Jill Tan Radovan on 2015-05-13 in #world #news #lifestyle #videos
    10 Films We’d Like to See at Cannes 2015

    The Cannes Film Festival showcases some of the world's best cinematographic masterpieces. It is an annual event that is highly anticipated by fans and connoisseurs of both mainstream and independent cinema. This year's festival has officially opened and film buffs everywhere are excited, at the same time curious, about which film will win the Palme d'Or. We are in no position to predict the winner, but we do have our favorites, from the ones in competition and otherwise. In no definitive order, here is a list of 10 films that we'd like to see.

  • Lomography Day Trips: Hangzhou, Zheijang, China

    written by Alexandra Pillet on 2015-08-10 in #world #locations
    Lomography Day Trips: Hangzhou, Zheijang, China

    Located in the Zhejiang province, Hangzhou is known as one of the most beautiful cities in China. I went there following my aunt’s advice. She studied calligraphy in Hangzhou Arts University (杭州美术大学) and told me, "When I sat by the lake, I just understood Chinese painters. They painted what they see, not less."

  • Shooting in Soho with the Lomo'Instant Splitzer

    written by hannah_brown on 2015-04-17 in #gear #tipster
    Shooting in Soho with the Lomo'Instant Splitzer

    A recent lunchtime break turned into a big analogue adventure when I took the Lomo'Instant camera out with the Splitzer and captured a gloriously sunny day in the heart of Soho, London. I learned a couple of great tips about shooting with this new accessory. Read on to find out more.

    1
  • Shop News

    Shoot recognizable images with the Petzval

    Shoot recognizable images with the Petzval

    You want your subject be the center of attention? Petzval lens photos are recognizable for sharpness and crispness in the centre, strong color saturation, wonderful swirly bokeh effect, artful vignettes and narrow depth of field that will make your subjects stand out!

  • Glastonbury As Seen Through the New Petzval 85 Lens by Taio Konishi

    written by ciscoswank on 2015-07-10 in #people #lifestyle #lomoamigos
    Glastonbury As Seen Through the New Petzval 85 Lens by Taio Konishi

    The Glastonbury Festival is arguably one of the most anticipated and renowned music festivals in the world. It is a joy to be able to watch it, and a privilege to capture scenes on and off stage. Apart from creating beautiful portraits, the Petzval Lens is great for adding an albeit subtle drama to the already spectacular scenes of music festivals. Japanese photographer Taio Konishi photographed this year's Glastonbury with a Petzval 85mm Lens, and here are some of the photos. He also talks about his Petzval-meets-Glastonbury experience in this exclusive.

    3
  • Historic Vienna with the New Petzval Art Lens

    written by bgaluppo on 2015-04-22 in #gear #lifestyle
    Historic Vienna with the New Petzval Art Lens

    To celebrate the classic Petzval Lens born in Vienna, we grabbed a New Petzval, left the office in the dust and went out into the beautiful golden day for a shoot among the historic hot-spots in the original city of music. Read on to see more of our imperial-themed photo shoot!

    3
  • Photo Stories: Away With You by lomomowlem

    written by lomographymagazine on 2015-06-18 in #world #lifestyle
    Photo Stories: Away With You by lomomowlem

    It is clear from the wild variety of photos in the website that Lomographers will do just about anything to get a good shot. Some swap rolls with friends overseas while others concoct unheard-of film soups. And then there are the masters of operations, the ones who spy and crouch their way to a share-worthy picture. This is one such story.

    1
  • Shop News

    Ondu 4X5 Large Format Pinhole Camera

    Ondu 4X5 Large Format Pinhole Camera

    Want to push your limits in the field of photography? Go large format! This camera uses a 4x5” film and can capture all the subjects you want with this pinhole camera in large format!

  • A Salute to the Masters: Rugby (A Tribute to Robert Doisneau)

    written by sirio174 on 2015-06-06 in #world #lifestyle
    A Salute to the Masters: Rugby (A Tribute to Robert Doisneau)

    This is a tribute to one of the most famous French social and street photographers, Robert Doisneau. During his life he was able to capture many little moments of everyday Parisian life with humanity and grace. His photos, full of poetry and humor, tell the ordinary life in the suburbs of the big French capital, away from the richest central areas of the city. Read more after the jump!

    1
  • Revolog Kolor: Haze and Lightning

    written by lomographymagazine on 2015-08-10 in #gear #lifestyle
    Revolog Kolor: Haze and Lightning

    It's tempting to form conspiracy theories about the strange effects of Revolog. Are they a result of chemical genius or imbalance? Is every film pre-exposed before being shipped to experimental photographers? Some Lomographers seem to have cracked the code, teasing out Revolog's foggy and thunderous quirks.

  • R.E.M. X Lomography Photo Contest

    written by givesmehell on 2015-05-29 in #world #competitions
    R.E.M. X Lomography Photo Contest

    Lomography is proud to announce that we are teaming up with acclaimed rock band R.E.M. to host an exclusive one-of-a-kind photo competition! The prizes include a Lomography Diana F+ Special Edition Camera, the acclaimed new ‘R.E.M. By MTV’ DVD, R.E.M. vinyl and more! Read on to see how you can participate in this rumble.

    14