Today in History: New Year's Day (45 B.C.)

12

On this day, in 45 B.C, the world began celebrating New Year's Day on January 1 upon implementation of the Julian Calendar. Learn something about the origins of New Year's Day after the jump!

Credits: plasticpopsicle

People all over the world have many different ways to celebrate the fresh, new year. But, how many of us have an idea about New Year’s Day’s origins? When did people start holding festivities for bidding farewell to one year and welcoming another?

When Julius Caesar became a Roman dictator, one of the first things he had in mind was reworking the traditional Roman calendar, which his empire had been following since the seventh century B.C. However, he noticed that it frequently failed to coincide with the seasons, and those who oversee the calendar often took advantage of it by adding days for extending political terms or even meddling in elections.

Caesar sought the help of an Alexandrian astronomer named Sosigenes, who advised him to follow the Egyptian calendar, which took its cues from the solar year. Calculations lead to 365 and 1/4 days, to which the Roman leader added 67 days to 45 B.C., causing 46 B.C. to fall on January 1 instead of March. To theoretically address the problem of inconsistencies, Caesar also declared that February will have an extra day every four years. Also, around this time, Caesar managed to change the month of Quintilis and name it Julius (July) after himself, shorty before he was assassinated in 44 BC.

However, the Julian Calendar was still not perfect. The calculations of Caesar and his astronomer actually rendered an error of 11 minutes per year, as the correct value was 365.242199 days and not 365.25 days. So, by the year 1000, there was an additional seven days, and by mid-15th century, an additional 10 days. This means that the people during the Middle Ages didn’t observe the New Year on January 1st.

It was only when Pope Gregory XIII enlisted the expertise of Jesuit astronomer Christopher Clavius that the problem of extra days was resolved. Their solution in 1582 was to omit 10 days for that year and apply the concept of leap year, leading to the Gregorian Calendar which we follow to this day. Since then, the world has been welcoming and celebrating the beginning of a new year every January 1st.

Here’s to hoping for better, analogue-filled days for us this 2012!

Credits: floriansimon, realrampage, easilydistracted, blondielocks & mirschandhismachines

Information for this article were taken from This Day in History and New Year's Day on Wikipedia.

written by plasticpopsicle on 2012-01-01 in #lifestyle #gregorian-calendar #lomography #today-in-history #45-bc #history #new-year-s-day #julian-calendar #analogue-lifestyle #new-year

12 Comments

  1. crepecrepe
    crepecrepe ·

    クエスト07301400 [Amorosa Watches158] オメガ時計 A.ランゲ&ゾーネ腕時計 Amorosa時計 フェラーリ腕時計 コルム時計 ゼニス チューダー時計 タグホイヤー時計 ロレックス腕時計 リシャールミル時計 ラドーの時計 ピアジェ腕時計 モンブラン時計 IWC腕時計 ヒューゴボス腕時計 ガガ時計 エベル腕時計 ディオール時計 ショパール カルティエ時計 ブルガリ時計 B

  2. crepecrepe
    crepecrepe ·

    Abiti da sera, abiti da sera, abito da sera, abiti da sera, abiti da sera economiche online, Designer Abiti da sera

  3. crepecrepe
    crepecrepe ·

    ugg,uggs,ugg sale,uggs sale,ugg no sale

  4. crepecrepe
    crepecrepe ·

    It's your daughter's first communion and, like other people in your own family, you're excited to see her take that step of faith. On that life-changing event, you're looking for her that should be ready inside and outside. Your daughter's first communion is definitely special event worth celebrating; because of this , making this event sweet and memorable to your child is important. Your young girl wishes to look good for those Lord so you ought to produce that happen.

    As a parent, among the initial details you do is usually to coordinate aided by the organizers with your local Parish. Inquire what dress styles and colors are preferred and whether sleeves are required. Some churches prefer conservative or old-fashioned first communion dresses which cover girls' arms with sleeves. These dresses are formal gown length and frequently have lots of beads and sequins which your daughter appear as if a princess. In case the Parish is okay with any formal communion dress then you can definitely prefer to be a lot more stylish. People who don't need to go for a traditional look can try sleeveless modern communion dresses. The best First communion dress will be classic style that is simple yet elegant in design. Classic style first communion dresses are normally tea length and provide variations of sleeves.

More Interesting Articles

  • Celebration of the Bees: NYC Honey Week

    written by mindofmyra on 2014-09-23 in #events
    Celebration of the Bees: NYC Honey Week

    New York City celebrated the bees that pollinate the world and we got to participate in the family-friendly extravaganza on Beach 97 Boardwalk, Rockaway, Boardwalk. There was art, food, music, crafts, a Bee Marketplace, and lots of sweet sweet honey. Check out the highlights of Honey Week, Honey Fest and all that we learned about the great bees that pollinate our world!

  • Philadephia Museum of Art Opens Paul Strand Retrospective

    written by chooolss on 2014-10-21 in #news
    Philadephia Museum of Art Opens Paul Strand Retrospective

    From today until January next year, the Philadelphia Museum of Art plays host to a major exhibit featuring the work of one of the most influential American modernist photographers. Details after the jump!

  • Historic Vienna with the New Petzval Art Lens

    written by bgaluppo on 2015-04-22 in #gear #lifestyle
    Historic Vienna with the New Petzval Art Lens

    To celebrate the classic Petzval Lens born in Vienna, we grabbed a New Petzval, left the office in the dust and went out into the beautiful golden day for a shoot among the historic hot-spots in the original city of music. Read on to see more of our imperial-themed photo shoot!

    3
  • Shop News

    LC-Wide Elite Kit

    LC-Wide Elite Kit

    The LC-Wide Elite Kit gathers all the accessories you would ever need for your Lomo LC-Wide.

  • Handcrafted: The Modern Industry Camera by Wayne Martin Belger

    written by Kwyn Kenaz Aquino on 2015-05-19 in #gear #lifestyle
    Handcrafted: The Modern Industry Camera by Wayne Martin Belger

    Our new series Handcrafted celebrates the work of analog artisans. In our first installment, Wayne Martin Belger talks about packing the 200-year-old history of photography in one elaborately inlaid camera.

    3
  • New York Comic Con 2014

    written by mindofmyra on 2014-10-16 in #lifestyle
    New York Comic Con 2014

    Halloween came early this year via the New York Comic Con 2014. Folks from Lomography NYC stepped out from the normal day-to-day scene and into an alternate universe of cosplay, costumes, and creatures. New York Comic Con 2014 was the biggest it's ever been with people from all over country to celebrate their favorite time of year!

  • Captivating Photographs of People Reading

    written by Julien Matabuena on 2015-04-24 in #world #lifestyle
    Captivating Photographs of People Reading

    April 23 marked World Book Day, a UNESCO-designated annual event held in celebration of books and reading all over the globe. To commemorate, here are fascinating images of people from several decades ago, reading not on Kindles or iPads as many are wont to do today, but actual books, newspapers, and other forms of the written word.

    1
  • Shop News

    Belair X 6-12 City Slicker Back to Back Bundle

    Belair X 6-12 City Slicker Back to Back Bundle

    With your overwhelming support, we have run out of Belair Instant Backs! We'll restock it in April, but don't worry because the Belair Instant Camera is readily available to satisfy your instant cravings!

  • Large Format Photography Made Easier with the Intrepid 4x5 Camera

    written by chooolss on 2014-10-23 in #news
    Large Format Photography Made Easier with the Intrepid 4x5 Camera

    Lomography is happy to learn about yet another project that helps keep the analogue fire burning, this time in the form of the Intrepid 4x5 Camera by The Intrepid Camera, Co. Details after the jump!

    1
  • New York Comic Con 2014

    written by mindofmyra on 2014-10-15 in #events
    New York Comic Con 2014

    Halloween came early this year via the New York Comic Con 2014. Folks from Lomography NYC stepped out from the normal day-to-day scene and into an alternate universe of cosplay, costumes, and creatures. New York Comic Con 2014 was the biggest it's ever been with people from all over country to celebrate their favorite time of year!

  • Your Guide to Lomo LC-A's 30th Anniversary Parties and Events

    written by shhquiet on 2014-06-06 in #news
    Your Guide to Lomo LC-A's 30th Anniversary Parties and Events

    In celebration of the Lomo LC-A's 30th birthday, we're launching a series of parties and events in Lomography Stores worldwide! You and your friends are invited to join in on the fun. Check all the details after the jump!

  • Shop News

    Diana F+ Premium Glass Bundle

    Diana F+ Premium Glass Bundle

    Diana F+ and Diana+ 75mm Premium Glass Lens are now ready to give you the best shots with vignetting effects, crisp quality shots together with the signature dreamy appeal of the Diana! Save 15% on the Glass Lens in this Bundle!

  • My Day in Analogue: Weekends in Bandung

    written by adi_totp on 2014-08-03 in #lifestyle
    My Day in Analogue: Weekends in Bandung

    Hello, fellow lomographers! To be honest, ever since I started working last year, I haven't been able to write a single analogue lifestyle piece. But today I decided to write something about my days, especially about my weekend in Bandung. It's not much but I take it as the start of a new beginning in writing all over again here. So, here's my weekend in Bandung!

    2
  • Photos from The Edward Reeves Studio on Exhibit at the Brighton Photo Biennial

    written by chooolss on 2014-10-13 in #news
    Photos from The Edward Reeves Studio on Exhibit at the Brighton Photo Biennial

    The Brighton Photo Biennial is back on its sixth edition this year, and one of the exhibits that photography enthusiasts should check out is that featuring photographs from The Edward Reeves Studio in Sussex, England. Read more about it after the jump!

  • It's Time to Splash Some Color Into Your Life

    written by bgaluppo on 2015-03-25 in #gear #lifestyle
    It's Time to Splash Some Color Into Your Life

    So Spring has officially sprung! Say hello to brighter and longer days. The dark (and freezing) ones are finally behind and in order to celebrate that a new motto takes place in our lives: The more color the better! Colorsplashing totally changes our mood and the endless possibilities of compositions have never been so fun! Click through to dive into this vibrant and surreal pool after the jump.

    2